Model Question and Answers for APSC | What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on a regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer.
What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on a regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer.
Ans: Regionalism is a political ideology that seeks to increase the political power, influence, and/or self-determination of the people of one or more subnational regions.
Basis of regionalism in India:
- Linguistic regionalism: Marathi, Bengali etc
- Cultural regionalism like Dravidian Movement
- Religious identity like Buddhist northeast India or Muslim J&K
- Relative deprivation example demand and formation of Chattishgarh and Jharkhand.
Role of the British:
- The roots of regional consciousness in India can be found in the colonial policies.
- Differential attitudes and treatment by the British towards princely states and those of the presidencies developed regionalist tendencies among them.
- British exploitative economic policies completely neglected some regions, giving way to economic disparities and regional imbalances.
Unequal distribution of benefits of development on a regional basis eventually promotes regionalism:
- The formation of Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh was partially based on relative deprivation and partially on tribal/separate identity
- A similar case is Telangana
- Still, emerging demands are Vidarbha, Gorkhaland
- Also, demands for jobs and reservations also promote regionalism as Maratha and Jat reservations have led to pronounced feelings of regionalism
Schemes like "Ek Bharat-Shreshtha Bharat" have been launched by the GOI to celebrate unity in diversity culture of the nation and to strengthen sentiment for the National Unity between the citizens of states, is a welcomed step.