Model Question and Answers for APSC | What are the two major legal initiatives by the State since Independence, addressing discrimination against Scheduled Tribes (STs)?
What are the two major legal initiatives by the State since Independence, addressing discrimination against Scheduled Tribes (STs)?
Ans: Article 46 of the Constitution provides that the State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the society and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
Reservation in educational institution has been provided in Article 15(4) while reservation in posts and services has been provided in Article 16(4), 16(4A) and 16(4B) of the Constitution for STs.
Ending discrimination in access to forest resources:
The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, was enacted to protect the marginalised socio-economic class of citizens and balance the right to environment with their right to life and livelihood.
This Act is crucial to the rights of millions of tribals and other forest dwellers in different parts of our country as it provides for the restitution of deprived forest rights across India,including both individual rights to cultivated land in forestland and community rights over common property resources.
Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989:
This act was enacted in order to prevent the commission of offences of atrocities against the members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
The act provides for Special Courts for the trial of such offences and for the relief and rehabilitation of the victims of such offences and for matters connected.