Model Question and Answers for APSC | Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give your arguments.
Why do some of the most prosperous regions of India have an adverse sex ratio for women? Give your arguments.
Ans: According to the NITI Aayog’s SDG 2019 Index, the sex ratio in Punjab fell from 893 to 886 in 2019, and the state lagged behind the national average sex ratio indicator as India’s sex ratio average is 896. Haryana, Punjab’s other neighbour, has performed worse than Punjab, having a sex ratio of 833. These are states with high per capita incomes still performing badly in the Sex ratio.
Reasons for adverse sex ratio in some of the most prosperous regions of India:
- Law of inheritance and dowry favour strong son-meta preference as economic survey highlighted
- Patriarchy and land-based economic systems in these states discriminate against women. As per Agri Census 2015-16, only 14 per cent of the operational holdings in agriculture were owned by women.
- Women lack bodily autonomy and financial independence in backward families
- Rich families able to do sex selection and abortion
- Presence of multiple state boundaries easy to get illegal services in sex selection and abortion
- Week enforcement of the law by male-dominated polity, judiciary and police system
In recent years some positive developments are there like from these very states women are bringing medals to India. The government has taken lead with Beti Bachao and Beti Padao and the situation and mindset on the ground are improving.