Model Question and Answers for APSC | What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?
What were the major political, economic and social developments in the world which motivated the anti-colonial struggle in India?
Ans: INDIA’S Independence changed the world. But it was also shaped by the world; Indian nationalism was a global product. Most of the iconic leaders of the nationalist movement—Gandhi, Nehru, and others — were formed by experiences abroad. More importantly, the movement by the Congress that they led made Independence it's objective under the influence of radical influences from beyond the subcontinent.
The significant political developments in the world:
- French and American revolutions
- Russian revolutions
- Irish home rule movement
- The Japanese victory over Russia in 1905 destroyed the myth of European invincibility
The economic in the world
- The initial success of the five-year planning process in the soviet union
- Late industrialisation in Japan strengthens the view that independence is key to economic development
- The great depression years deeply affected India and strengthened the freedom struggle movement
Social developments in the world
- Western education led to the enlightenment of Indians
- Racial discrimination faced by Gandhi in South Africa
The Indian independence movement, in turn, has been inspirational not just to the current generation of political movements but the Gandhian non-violent approach to protest also set the tone for future political movements across the world, inspiring several leaders fighting for various causes, from civil rights to a country’s battle for independence.