Model Question and Answers for APSC | What is the Bicameral legislature? Discuss its advantages and disadvantages. Name Indian states having bicameral legislation. (APSC 2011)

Model Question and Answers for APSC | What is the Bicameral legislature? Discuss its advantages and disadvantages. Name Indian states having bicameral legislation. (APSC 2011)

Ans : Bicameralism is the practice of having two Houses of Parliament. At the State level, the equivalent of the Lok Sabha is the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly), and that of the Rajya Sabha is the I Under Article 169, Parliament may by law create or abolish the second chamber in a State if the Legislative Assembly of that State passes a resolution to that effect by a special majority. As of 2022, 6 out of 28 states have a State Legislative Council. These are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh.
Advantages:
1. A so-called Upper House is considered important in the parliamentary system, as only a third of the seats are filled every two years and it therefore acts as a check against potential impetuousness of electoral majorities in the Lower House.
2. Upper houses are continuous chambers thus providing a sense permanence to parliamentary functions
3. With members mostly indirectly elected, the Upper House also ensures that individuals who might not be cut out for the rough-and-tumble of direct elections too are able to contribute to the legislative process.
4. At central level second chamber represents states thus strengthening federalism
Disadvantages:
1. Some argue that unlike the Rajya Sabha, the Vidhan Parishad does not serve much purpose and poses a strain on States’ finances.
2. Sometimes misused as chambers of disruption and delay
3. They are used as sopes to disgruntled politicians and businessmen