Model Question and Answers for APSC | What do you understand by the Chipko movement? Discuss its role in the protection of trees. ( APSC Mains-2018)
Ans : The Chipko movement was a non-violent agitation in 1973 that was aimed at the protection and conservation of trees, but, perhaps, it is best remembered for the collective mobilisation of women for the cause of preserving forests, which also brought about a change in attitude regarding their own status in society. The name of the movement ‘chipko’ comes from the word ’embrace’, as the villagers hugged the trees and encircled them to prevent being hacked.
However, not many people know that the original Chipko Andolan dates back to the 18th century and was started by Rajasthan’s Bishnoi community.
Role in the protection of trees:
1. Movement links livelihoods of local and women’s issues to the protection of forests thus protecting trees
2. The uprising against the felling of trees and maintaining the ecological balance originated in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli district in 1973 and in no time spilt onto other states in north India.
3. The movement popularized the slogan “ecology is the permanent economy”, which is the saviour of trees across the country