Model Question and Answers for APSC | What characteristics can be assigned to a monsoon climate that succeeds in feeding more than 50 per cent of the world population residing in Monsoon Asia?

What characteristics can be assigned to a monsoon climate that succeeds in feeding more than 50 per cent of the world population residing in Monsoon Asia?

Model Question and Answers for APSC | What characteristics can be assigned to a monsoon climate that succeeds in feeding more than 50 per cent of the world population residing in Monsoon Asia?

Ans: Monsoon is derived from the Arabic word meaning season and originally refers to the seasonal wind that changes direction every six months in the Arabian sea. It also refers to the rainy season due to the summer monsoon, or the rain that falls during the rainy season in India and Southeast Asia.

The Asian monsoon region shares the peculiarities of high summer rainfall, rice-based agriculture, and a large number of small- and medium-sized farmers, which means that the conditions and other aspects of agriculture in the Asian monsoon region are different from those in Europe and the United States.

Characteristics of monsoon climate that succeeds in feeding more than 50 per cent of the world population residing in Monsoon Asia:

 

  • The monsoon in Asia is very large and is also called the Asian monsoon, which roughly corresponds to East Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia.
  • The Asian monsoon region has a rainy season with strong rainfall in summer due to monsoon winds from the seaside, so rice cultivation has been the basis of food production since ancient times, and a rice- growing culture has been The Asian monsoon region produced 64.6 million tons of rice, or about 86.6% of the world's total.
  • The results also show that about 52% of the world's population (about 86% of Asia's population) is concentrated in the Asian monsoon region, as paddy rice cultivation can feed a high population density
  • In addition, the paddy rice-growing areas of monsoon Asia show common characteristics such as a large number of smallholder farmers, and the paddy-based agroecosystem in this region is very different from the field- and grassland-based agroecosystem in the west.
  • Countries can have two different seasons of monsoon, like in India Southwest Monsoon and North East monsoon.
  • Heavy rainfall collected in ponds, dams, and tanks also supports aquaculture, horticulture and other crops like jute.