Model Question and Answers for APSC | To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss.
To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss.
Ans: The cities of the Indus Valley all have a number of common factors that distinguish them from the civilizations of the Bronze Age. The defining feature of overall town planning of the cities is the cardinal orientation, with the longer grid aligned north-south to take advantage of prevailing winds. This organization of space into grids is seen not just in town planning in this area but also in house plans, designs on pottery, diagrams on seals, and even the designs of the individual script characters.
The urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization:
- Grid pattern planning gives a semblance of highly planned cities which India tried to incorporate in new urban centres like Chandigarh and Raipur
- Towns were often located along the rivers, presumably for ease of access to transportation. In the modern world also such is the case, for instance, London on the Thames, and Delhi on the Yamuna
- They were surrounded by moats and a rampart to provide defensive protection. Today cities are more concerned with resilience against disasters like floods and earthquakes
- As the towns became more prosperous, the quality of the houses, which were built of mud brick and even of fired brick, The same is being replicated in India by providing everyone with Pucca housing is aim of the government.
- A civic authority perhaps controlled the planning of the towns, which is done by Municipalities of our age
- Towns also had other facilities like drains, ring wells and mud pits, testifying to the development of civic amenities and Under Swachh Bharat, the government is also targeting sanitation, and through the Jal Jeevan mission, the government is trying to provide every household with tap water connection