Model Question and Answers for APSC | The Preamble expresses the philosophy and purpose of the constitution of India. Elaborate.
The Preamble expresses the philosophy and purpose of the constitution of India. Elaborate.
Ans: The Preamble serves as the Constitution's preface, reflecting its goals, aspirations, and vision. It is based on Jawaharlal Nehru's Objective Resolution proposal.
The philosophy of the constitution of India:
- Sovereign: The constitution's source of authority is "We the people of " This acknowledges popular sovereignty rather than a higher power. The logical result of the declaration of people as sovereign is a democratic republic.
- Socialist: A key role for the state in the economy is prescribed by the economic principle of socialism. This prompted India to adopt the "mixed economy" model.
- According to welfare theory, it is the duty of the state to provide for the fundamental economic security and growth of its citizens by shielding them from threats like discrimination, ageing, unemployment, accidents, and disease.
- Secular: According to the fundamental philosophy of secularism in India, religion must maintain a "principled distance" from matters of state, while the government may step in to stop backward religious practises.
- Democratic: All people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities
The purpose of the constitution of India:
- The provision of adequate opportunities for all people without discrimination and the equality of status, that is, the absence of special privileges for any group within society.
- The freedom to act in accordance with one's conscience in a way that respects the rights of others is implied by the freedom of thought, belief, faith, and worship (qualified liberty).
- Fraternity to foster harmony and a sense of brotherhood. This is essential for upholding everyone's dignity and preserving the nation's unity and integrity.
- Social, economic and political justice implying (i) equal treatment of all citizens without any social distinction based on caste, colour, race, religion, sex and so on. (ii) non-discrimination between people on the basis of economic factors (Social justice + Economic justice= Distributive justice) (iii) all citizens should have equal political rights, equal access to all political offices and equal voice in the government.
The Preamble was acknowledged as a part of the Constitution in Kesavananda Bharti's case 1973. The preamble has been referred to as the "conscience of the constitution" and the "very life breath of the constitution" by various scholars.