Model Question and Answers for APSC | The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would address them.
The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would address them.
Ans: Cooperative Federalism is a concept of federalism in which the union and state governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems through mutual understanding.
Drawbacks in the existing structure:
- Uneven distribution of income and responsibilities: With the state making major decisions at the local level, the state is more accountable in terms of governance. However, the revenue model does not match the duties. The state has very little money to fund additional public This unbalanced framework needs to be changed.
- The Institution of Governors: The position of Governor and Lieutenant Governor, which is viewed as a representative of the centre, prevents the state from having any input in the appointment or removal of the Governor, who may exercise authority in violation of an elected government (Recent Karnataka and Delhi case).
- Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS): Many CSS call for the creation of parallel structures for fund flows and These frequently elude state governments, undermining both their control and authority. The recent dispute between the governments of Odisha and the Union over the centralization of the state-funded health insurance programme, PMJAY, serves as an example.
Cooperative Federalism as a potential remedy:
- The NITI Aayog, an Indian policy think tank, has replaced the Planning Commission, which had operated for decades. Its goal is to strengthen cooperative federalism by encouraging state governments to participate in the formulation of economic policy.
- To maintain the core principles of cooperative federalism, the governors have been urged to act in accordance with "aid and advice" from the democratically elected government.
- Recently, centrally sponsored schemes have been drastically cut back to give state governments more freedom.
- In order to resolve the disputes and misunderstandings between the states and the union, the Inter-state Council, established under Article 263, has been reinstituted.
- Together, the union and state governments discussed a number of issues at the recently concluded NITI Aayog Governing Council meeting, including how to achieve a TB-free India, promote exports, implement MNREGA, and develop the Northeast.
Because of its innate adaptability and resilience, cooperative federalism by itself strengthens the country from the inside out. Therefore, efforts must be made to achieve cooperative federalism.