Model Question and Answers for APSC | In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, economic, social, and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.
In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, economic, social, and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India.
Ans: Underlining that some of the mechanisms that could help reign in corruption are weakening, Transparency International ranked India at 85 among 180 countries in its Corruption Perception Index report of 2021.
Reason for decline of public morality in India:
- Legal factors: People's morals are getting worse because there aren't enough strict laws and bans to teach people right from wrong. India's laws aren't very strict when it comes to corruption, so people aren't afraid to act immorally and without integrity.
- Political factors: When politicians are chosen, corruption and wrongdoing are not seen as big crimes. People who do wrong things are not shunned, but instead are given important Our constitution does not stop people who have been accused of corruption from running for office.
- Social factors: Indian society has been very accepting of people who are dishonest or have bad morals. People who get to the top by being dishonest are held up as examples of how to be This interaction between immoral people and others is likely to spread this way of thinking throughout society.
- Economic reasons: Only 10% of the economy is formalised, which leads to black Bribery happens when businesses have to follow strict rules to get in and out.
- Unequal distribution of wealth: According to data from Transparency International, corruption is directly related to the gap between rich and poor in a country.
- We first opened ourselves up to the rest of the world, but then we made laws for things like FDI and resource auctions, which made it easy for foreign companies to cheat the system.
- Cultural factors: Even though Indian culture says that people should have morals and integrity, it doesn't tell people how to do this in a strict way. Instead, being immoral should have been a taboo, so that people would be less likely to do it. This step will show that there is a good reason to be honest.
So, for things to get better, all the factors must be taken into account so that integrity and morality are brought back into society and our place in the world gets better.