Model Question and Answers for APSC | “In the Indian Parliament system, the office of the President is like a ‘pivot’ that joins the two wheels, namely the legislature and the executive.” Discuss.
Ans : The Union Executive comprises: President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. The president is the nominal executive whereas the Prime Minister is the real executive. The President is a constitutional conjunction where legislative and executive organs meet.
President is like a ‘pivot’ that joins the two wheels
1. All executive actions of the Government of India are taken in his name. He can make rules for efficient transaction of business of the government.
2. He appoints the Prime Minister and the other ministers who hold office during his pleasure. He also appoints the CAG, the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners, the Chairman and member of UPSC, Governor and so on.
3. The President summons both the Houses of Parliament and prorogues them. He can dissolve the Lok Sabha. The President uses these powers on the advice of the Council of Ministers.
4. The President inaugurates the Parliament after every general election and also begins the first session each year.
5. All bills become law after the assent of the President. He can promulgate ordinances when both the houses are not in session.