Model Question and Answers for APSC | How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle-class working woman in India?

How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle-class working woman in India?

Model Question and Answers for APSC | How does patriarchy impact the position of a middle-class working woman in India?

Ans: Patriarchy is a social system in which men dominate over others, but can also refer to dominance over women specifically; it can also extend to a variety of manifestations in which men have social privileges over others to cause exploitation or oppression, such as through male dominance of moral authority and control of the property.

According to Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) data, as of December 2021, while the male LFPR was 67.4%, the female LFPR was as low as 9.4%.

Impact of patriarchy on the position of a middle-class working woman in India:

  1. It leads to a triple burden of Jobs, childcare and Homemaking on Women as they expected as Homemakers traditionally
  2. Law-making also discriminates as women are mandated 26 weeks of paid leave which is a good intention but leads to discrimination against women in job markets. While man only gets a week's paternity leave
  3. In agriculture where 80% of women work access to land ownership is 13.86 % only, as property is male preserve in patriarchy.
  4. Options available to women are limited normally and are gendered like a teacher, nurse etc
  5. There is also a glass ceiling effect which prevents women from rising higher in their profession
  6. In the pandemic, we saw that women are the first to be fired
  7. They are normally paid 34% less according to the Global gender gap report of the World Economic Forum.

Cumulatively due to patriarchal biases and triple burden women lost 60 lakh crore during the pandemic according to OXFAM.