Model Question and Answers for APSC | How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.

How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.

Model Question and Answers for APSC | How different would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi? Discuss.

Ans: Mahatma Gandhi’s role and influence in shaping New India are indisputable. He is still as relevant a person and a philosopher in the twenty-first century as he was in the previous one.

 

The achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi:

  1. Before Gandhi Congress was mostly a think tank, Gandhi put it in touch with the masses and made it an active force for liberation
  2. Made freedom movement less bloody: Weaned revolutionaries away from violence to non-violent struggle, Surya Sen and bhagat in their later phase learned the importance of non-violent mass struggle

 

Legacy and Gandhian imprint on the constitution and the Nation:

  1. Inclusiveness in the constituent assembly  itself: Asked Congress to include BR Ambedkar in the constituent assembly
  2. Values in Preamble: Secularism: A devout Hindu, he always believed in cordial co-existence with other
  3. Fundamental rights: Right against untouchability
  4. The directive state of principles:
  • Village panchayats
  • Cottage industries support
  • Alcohol ban

      5. Later movements like Gramdan and Bhoodan had their leaders from Gandhian                    thought