Model Question and Answers for APSC | Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian Unity?
Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian Unity?
Ans: Linguistic states mean that the states are divided on the basis of their regional languages. This is because India has many languages. So, for better and apt administration, the regions are divided on the basis of languages.
Strengthened the cause of Indian Unity:
- Better interaction with regional leaders
- Consolidation of the federal idea that being Tamilian, Gujarati or Hindi is not in conflict with identity as Indian
- Better penetration of power to local level governments
- Lesser discrimination based on languages in access to education, jobs, Judiciary etc
- Vernacular education and mother promoted which gave a sense of fulfilment of identity and more commitment to national identity
- Along with three language formulas promoting multilingualism in India for instance in Kerala, it is common to know Malayalam, English and Hindi
On the contrary, disregard for Bengali in East Bangladesh led to the creation of Bangladesh.
Challenges posed by the Linguistic formation of states:
- Identity politics and regional chauvinism: a threat to Bihari speaking in Mumbai
- More such demands rising within Bihar or Gorkhaland in West Bengal
It put an end to fissiparous tendencies that would’ve balkanized the country on the basis of language. Reorganising the states on linguistic lines has worked as a safety valve to discontent and strengthened the regional identities of diverse cultural entities in India. This has strengthened federalism in India.