Model Question and Answers for APSC | “Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are inter-dependent.” Discuss their relationship with each other in the context of India.

“Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are inter-dependent.” Discuss their relationship with each other in the context of India.

Model Question and Answers for APSC |  “Effectiveness of the government system at various levels and people’s participation in the governance system are inter-dependent.” Discuss their relationship with each other in the context of India.

Ans: Citizens' participation in decision-making is one of the components of good governance, according to the UNDP. This has been accomplished in India by legal measures such as MGNREGA, RTE, RTI, NFSA, etc. The passage of the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment acts also expanded the participation of the people.

People's participation in governance systems is directly related to the effectiveness of governance. This is described further below:

  • Demanding accountability – a responsive, efficient, and effective government
  • Enabling the poor and the disenfranchised has an impact on public policy and service delivery in order to better their lives. Involving mothers in the inspection of school lunches in Madhya Pradesh has led to an improvement in their quality.
  • Citizen participation in government is a sign of a robust democracy. The efficient implementation of the national food security act was made possible by the engagement of citizens in the delivery of public distribution networks (NFSA).
  • Making information accessible via RTI - Providing citizens with the ability to interact with the government.
  • Hearing the voices of residents and their proposals through public hearings, writing to various Parliamentary Committees and commissions when policies are released to the public, polls, etc.
  • Utilizing measures such as a social audit to hold service providers and government bodies responsible.
  • Demanding improved services via Citizen Charters (CC)
  • Socioeconomic growth plus Effective social audit in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has eliminated ghost beneficiaries and increased accountability.
  • This has allowed the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts to be recognised as successful anti-poverty – Actively participating in administration and decision-making through Panchayati Raj institutions and urban local governments.

In addition, environmentalists have emphasised that public participation is the only way to ensure the model's sustainability. India is a welfare state, and public participation in democratic processes is one of the finest methods to realise the Constitution's principles.