Model Question and Answers for APSC | Discuss the role of ethics and values in enhancing the following three major components of Comprehensive National Power (CNP) viz. human capital, soft power (culture and policies) and social harmony.

Model Question and Answers for APSC | Discuss the role of ethics and values in enhancing the following three major components of Comprehensive National Power (CNP) viz. human capital, soft power (culture and policies) and social harmony.

Ans : Ethics and values play a great role in building the Comprehensive National Power (CNP) of countries. They augment the following three components of CNP.
Human capital:
1. Human resource is the ultimate asset of any nation however it is fruitful for a nation only when people have a sense of Ethics and value
2. Corruption, valuing personal interests make people selfseeking rather than an asset of the Nation, this becomes particularly important in civil services that people have a sense of ethics
3. Also if nepotism rules then the Human capital of talented people lies unutilized and underqualified people get to decide on the resources of the nation
4. Sense of civic responsibility and dedication to the upliftment of the poor makes a civil servant a great asset to the nation 

Soft Power:
1. Soft Power works only when there is tolerance for different views, religions etc
2. Indian ethical values based on non-violence, unity in diversity are the source of its commanding position in Geopolitics
3. Soon after independence, India became leader of the recently decolonised world because of its moral heritage
Social harmony
1. Social harmony is established through values of equality, ensuring dignity for all, fulfilment of these ideals depends on ethical conduct in culture and politics
2. Without a sense of fairness in society social harmony can not be established which gives nation much needed internal stability to go for leadership in the global arena