Model Question and Answers for APSC | Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive role in the emergence of Bangladesh.

Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive role in the emergence of Bangladesh.

Model Question and Answers for APSC | Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive role in the emergence of Bangladesh.

Ans: The Bangladesh Liberation War was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self- determination movement in erstwhile East Pakistan which resulted in the independence of Bangladesh. The war began when the Pakistani military junta based in West Pakistan under the orders of Yahya Khan launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan on the night of 25 March 1971, initiating the Bangladesh genocide.

It was not until March end-early April of 1971 that the Indian government decided to intervene in the liberation struggle to bring it to an early conclusion.

 

The compulsions which prompted India to play a decisive role in the emergence of Bangladesh

  • What India was hoping for was a transition to democracy in Pakistan as the Awami League won an absolute majority of seats in the Pakistan National Assembly in the December 1970 elections
  • Pakistani military however began a brutal crackdown that resulted in the slaughter of hundreds of thousands of Bengalis and a massive refugee crisis.
  • The Pakistan army conducted a widespread genocide against the Bengali population of East Pakistan, aimed in particular at the minority Hindu Then India decided to intervene.
  • East Bengal was not simply an internal problem of Pakistan — that by driving out millions of refugees into India, Pakistan was exporting a domestic problem to And, this threatened to destabilise the political situation in the neighbouring states.
  • Some strategic compulsions also made it necessary for India to involve in the war. Pakistan was a hostile state to India, it suited India’s strategic interests to split the country and secure an independent Bangladesh. Also, this would weaken Pakistan gravely and benefit India.

 

India’s achievement was all the more remarkable in the absence of supporting institutional structures — it had no equivalent of the US National Security Council, nor even an integrated structure for the three defence services.