Model Question and Answers for APSC | Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss
Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss.
Ans:With their dynamic queens and influential kings, their world-class army and navy, their massive temples and cities of beauty incomparable, and a legacy that continues to last, the Cholas hold their ground as one of the most powerful and impressive dynasties in history. The biggest reasons for the Chola Empire’s fame in South India and elsewhere are undeniably the architectural marvels built under the patronage of the royal family.
To establish Chola dynastic legitimacy, the Chola kings sought to emulate and surpass Pallava's architectural achievements through a monumental building programme of granite temples
- Brihadisvara temple Rajaraja Chola
- Gangaikondacholisvaram Rajendra Chola I
- Airavatesvara at Darasuram built by Rajendra Chola II
A high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture:
- More elaborative structures
- Stones replaced bricks
- Gopurams become meaningful
- Elaborate pyramidal storeys
- Monolith shikaras
- Dwarapalas became permanent
- Polished sculptures
All three temples, dedicated to Shiva, whose impressive remains dominate the modern landscape, designated as the Great Living Chola Temples by UNESCO, were inscribed on the World List in 1987.