Model Question and Answers for APSC | China and Pakistan have entered into an agreement for development of an economic corridor. What thread does it dispose of for India’s security? Critically examine.
China and Pakistan have entered into an agreement for development of an economic corridor. What thread does it dispose of for India’s security? Critically examine.
Ans: The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a massive infrastructure development project that aims to connect China's western region to the Pakistani port of Gwadar through a network of highways, railways, and pipelines. The project has raised concerns for India's security, primarily due to the following reasons:
• Strategic Encirclement: The CPEC has been described by many analysts as part of China's "string of pearls" strategy, aimed at encircling India strategically. The CPEC gives China a strategic foothold in Pakistan and the Indian Ocean, which could be used to contain India's regional influence.
• Territorial Disputes: India and China have a long-standing border dispute, and China's involvement in Pakistan-administered Kashmir through the CPEC has raised concerns in India. India has also objected to the CPEC's route passing through territory that it claims as its own.
• Security Concerns: The CPEC passes through Pakistan's Balochistan province, which has witnessed violence and insurgency in the past. There are concerns that the project could lead to an increase in violence and terrorism in the region, which could spill over into India.
• Economic competition: The CPEC could also pose an economic threat to India. The project aims to develop infrastructure and create economic opportunities in Pakistan, which could make it a more attractive destination for investment and trade than India.
However, some argue that India's concerns about the CPEC are overstated. They argue that the project is primarily aimed at improving economic ties between China and Pakistan and is not intended to pose a threat to India's security. Some also argue that India could benefit from the project if it chooses to participate in it, as it could provide India with access to Central Asia.
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor does pose some security threats for India, primarily due to its strategic implications and the potential for increased violence and terrorism in the region. However, India could also benefit from the project if it chooses to participate in it, and it is important for India to engage with China and Pakistan to address its security concerns and explore opportunities for cooperation.