Model Question and Answers for APSC | “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples.
“An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples.
Ans: Deprivation can be defined as the consequence of a lack of income and other resources, which cumulatively can be seen as living in poverty. The relative deprivation approach to poverty examines the indicators of deprivation, these can then be related back to income levels and resources.
One of the most common measures of deprivation is the Indices of Multiple Deprivation which applies weightings to different themes (housing, health and well-being, education and skills, income deprivation)
Example: Deprivation of housing leads to people live in slums endangering them to unhealthy environments, lack of water and sanitation. One deprivation thus creates maany other deprivation cumulatively keeping poor perpetually poor.
An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from deprivation:
- Deprivation leads to a failure to achieve certain minimum capabilities and the lack of capabilities is absolute
- Poverty impacts on families, children and the whole of society and its consequences are far-reaching:
- Creating problems of social isolation
- Low educational attainment
- impacting on mental and physical health and social interaction.
Thus it is essential to remove deprivations by providing( Not exhaustive)
- Housing (PM AWAS Yojna)
- Universal health care (PM Jan Arogya Yojna)
- Access to Energy (Ujjwala Yojna)
- Education and Skills (Sarva Sikha Abhiyan)
- Access to water and sanitation (Jal Jeevan Mission and Swachh Bharat)