Ethics model questions (6)
Ethics model questions 2013
Q2. [A] What do you understand by the following terms in the context of public service? (5 terms x 3 marks each=15 marks |250 words)
Ans: Integrity Perseverance Spirit of service Commitment
Courage of conviction
Integrity: This refers to the quality of being honest, transparent, and having a strong sense of ethics and morality. In public service, integrity is essential for building trust and credibility with the public, as well as ensuring that decisions are made in the best interests of society as a whole. An example of integrity in public service is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was known for his honesty, integrity, and incorruptibility.
Perseverance: This refers to the ability to persist and continue working towards a goal or objective, despite challenges or obstacles. In public service, perseverance is important because it allows individuals to stay focused on the needs of the community and work towards finding solutions to complex problems, even when progress may be slow. An example of perseverance in Indian history is Mahatma Gandhi, who tirelessly worked towards India's independence despite facing numerous challenges and setbacks.
Spirit of service: This refers to a mindset and attitude of putting the needs of others before oneself. In public service, having a spirit of service means being committed to improving the lives of citizens and serving the public good. An example of the spirit of service is Mother Teresa, who devoted her life to serving the poor and vulnerable.
Commitment: This refers to the dedication and loyalty to a cause, organization, or community. In public service, commitment is important because it demonstrates a willingness to work towards the betterment of society and a desire to make a positive impact. An example of commitment is Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, who was committed to promoting science and technology education and worked tirelessly to inspire and motivate young people to pursue careers in these fields.
Courage of conviction: This refers to the willingness to stand up for what one believes in, even in the face of opposition or adversity. In public service, courage of conviction is important because it allows individuals to advocate for policies and actions that they believe will benefit society, even if they are unpopular or difficult to implement. An example of courage of conviction in Indian history is Bhagat Singh, who fearlessly fought for India's independence and sacrificed his life for his convictions.
Q2. [B] Indicate two more attributes which you consider important for public service. Justify your answer. (10 marks |100 words)
Ans: Two more attributes that are considered important for public service are:
• Empathy: This refers to the ability to understand and share the feelings and perspectives of others. In public service, empathy is important because it allows individuals to connect with and understand the needs and concerns of the community they serve. It enables public servants to develop policies and programs that are responsive to the needs of citizens and can help build trust and cooperation between the public and government institutions.
• Adaptability: This refers to the ability to adjust to changing circumstances and situations. In public service, adaptability is important because the needs and priorities of communities can change quickly, and government institutions need to be able to respond to these changes effectively. Public servants who are adaptable can be more responsive to emerging issues and can adjust policies and programs to ensure that they continue to meet the needs of the community over time. Additionally, adaptability can help public servants navigate complex and unpredictable environments, such as during times of crisis or emergency, and find innovative solutions to complex problems.
Q3. Some people feel that values keep changing with time and situation, while others strongly believe that there are certain universal and eternal human values. Give your perception in this regard with due justification. (10 marks | 150 words)
Ans: The question of whether values are relative and changeable or universal and eternal is a subject of debate among scholars and philosophers. Some argue that values are culturally and historically relative, meaning that they are shaped by the time and place in which they are developed, and that they can evolve and change over time. Others argue that there are certain fundamental values that are universal and eternal, and that these values form the basis of human morality and ethics.
Those who argue that values are relative often point to the fact that different societies have developed different sets of values throughout history. For example, what is considered acceptable behavior in one culture may be seen as taboo or immoral in another. They argue that values are not fixed and unchanging, but are instead shaped by a complex set of factors, including history, culture, religion, and social norms.
On the other hand, those who argue that values are universal and eternal argue that there are certain core values that are essential to human flourishing, regardless of cultural or historical context. These values include things like respect for human dignity, compassion, justice, and honesty. They argue that these values are rooted in human nature and are essential to building a just and ethical society.
In reality, the truth likely lies somewhere in between these two positions. While there may be certain core values that are universal and essential to human flourishing, the way in which these values are expressed and understood may vary depending on cultural and historical context. Ultimately, the challenge for individuals and societies is to navigate this complex landscape of values and to strive towards a set of values that is both universal and culturally responsive.