Ethics model questions (5)
Ethics model questions 2014
Q8. We are witnessing increasing instances of sexual violence against women in the country. Despite existing legal provisions against it, the number of such incidences is on the rise. Suggest some innovative measures to tackle this menace. (150 Words) (10 M)
Ans: Sexual violence against women is a heinous crime that not only violates their dignity and rights but also undermines the progress of a society.
Existing Legal Provisions Against It:
• The Indian Penal Code,1860
• The Indian Evidence Act,1872
• The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (PREVENTION, PROHIBITION and REDRESSAL) Act, 2013
• The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013
• The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986 (170.45 KB)
• The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956
• The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 (28 of 1961) (Amended in 1986)
• Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
• The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012
Despite having strict laws to deal with such cases, there has been an increase in such instances. Innovative measures need to be taken to tackle this menace effectively.
• Education And Awareness Programs: The government should launch education and awareness programs to sensitize people about the gravity of sexual violence. These programs should be targeted towards both men and women and should be made mandatory in schools and colleges.
• Increase In The Number Of Fast-Track Courts: The existing legal provisions should be strengthened by increasing the number of fast-track courts for speedy trials of sexual violence cases. The judgments should be exemplary, and the conviction rate should be high to deter others from committing such crimes.
• Use Of Technology: Technology can play a significant role in preventing and detecting sexual violence cases. The government can launch an app that women can use to report any suspicious activities or harassment. The app can also provide information about safe zones in the city and self-defence techniques.
• Implementation Of Gender-Sensitive Policies: Gender-sensitive policies should be implemented in all sectors of society, including education, health, and the workplace. Such policies can help in creating a gender-neutral environment and reducing gender-based discrimination.
• Collaboration With Civil Society Organizations: The government should collaborate with civil society organizations that work towards preventing sexual violence. Such organizations can provide support to victims of sexual violence and also conduct awareness programs in remote areas.
Sexual violence against women is a complex issue that requires a multi- pronged approach. The government, civil society organizations, and individuals need to work together to prevent such crimes and ensure justice for victims. The measures suggested above can play a significant role in tackling this menace effectively.
Q1. What do you understand about ‘values’ and ‘ethics’? In what way is it important to be ethical along with being professionally competent? (10 marks | 150 words)
Ans: Values and ethics are two important aspects of an individual's personality. While values refer to an individual's belief system, ethics define their behavior in society. Being ethical and having strong values is crucial for individuals in their personal as well as professional lives.
Understanding Values and Ethics
Values: Values refer to an individual's beliefs and principles that shape their personality and guide their behavior in society. These values can be cultural, religious, or personal.
Ethics: Ethics, on the other hand, are the principles that govern an individual's behavior in society. These principles include honesty, integrity, and accountability.
The Importance of Being Ethical
• Professional Competence: Being ethical is as important as being professionally competent. In fact, ethical behavior is a prerequisite for professional competence. It ensures that an individual's decisions and actions are in the best interest of their clients and stakeholders.
• Building Trust: Ethical behavior helps in building trust with clients and stakeholders. It shows that an individual is reliable, accountable, and has integrity, which is essential in building strong relationships.
• Upholding Reputation: Being ethical is crucial for upholding an individual's reputation and that of their organization. Unethical behavior can lead to a tarnished reputation, which can have long- lasting consequences.
Benefits Of Strong Values:
• Personal Growth: Strong values can help an individual grow personally and emotionally. They can guide an individual to make the right decisions and choices in life.
• Sense Of Purpose: Having strong values gives an individual a sense of purpose and direction in life. They can help an individual set goals and work towards achieving them.
• Building Relationships: Shared values can help build strong relationships with family, friends, and colleagues.
Values and ethics are essential in an individual's personal and professional life. Being ethical and having strong values can help individuals make the right decisions and build strong relationships. It is important for individuals to understand the importance of ethics and values and incorporate them into their daily lives