Ethics model questions (10)

Ethics model questions 2013

Ethics model questions (10)

Q7. “The good of an individual is contained in the good of all.” What do you understand by this statement? How can this principle be implemented in public life? (10 marks| 150 words)

Ans: The statement "The good of an individual is contained in the good of all" emphasises the interdependence of individuals in a society. This means that the well-being of every individual is closely linked to the well-being of the community as a whole. This principle is significant as it highlights the fact that the interests of the individual and the collective are not mutually exclusive.

How Can This Principle Be Implemented In Public Life?

• Promoting Social Welfare: Public policies and programs should be designed to improve the overall well-being of society, rather than just benefitting a few individuals. Social welfare schemes such as healthcare, education, and social security can help to ensure that everyone in society has access to the resources they need to thrive.

• Encouraging Civic Engagement: Encouraging people to participate in community service and civic activities can help to foster a sense of social responsibility and promote the common good. Volunteer work, community clean-up initiatives, and other social activities can help to build a sense of community and promote the welfare of all individuals.

• Creating Inclusive Societies: Societies that are inclusive and respect diversity can ensure that all individuals have equal opportunities to succeed. Public policies and programs should aim to promote diversity and inclusion in all areas, including education, employment, and politics.

In conclusion, the principle that the good of an individual is contained in the good of all is an essential concept for building healthy, thriving communities. Implementing this principle in public life requires a commitment to promoting social welfare, encouraging civic engagement, and creating inclusive societies. When individuals and communities work together towards a common goal, the well-being of everyone can be improved.

Q8. It is often said that ‘politics’ and ‘ethics’ do not go together. What is your opinion in this regard? Justify your answer with illustrations. (10 marks| 150 words)

Ans: The relationship between politics and ethics has been a topic of debate for centuries. While some argue that politics and ethics are inherently linked, others believe that the two are incompatible.

Is it true that 'politics' and 'ethics' do not go together?

• Arguments for Politics and Ethics being compatible: Political decisions impact the well-being of society, and therefore, ethics must be a central consideration in the decision-making process. Political leaders are often expected to be moral role models and set an ethical standard for society.

• Ethical considerations such as justice, fairness, and equality are often at the core of political issues, and therefore, it is impossible to separate politics from ethics.

Illustrations supporting the idea of Politics and Ethics being compatible:

• The Civil Rights Movement in the United States was a political movement based on the ethical principles of justice, equality, and freedom.

• The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a political document that is based on ethical principles of human dignity, equality, and justice.

• The implementation of policies such as affirmative action, anti- corruption laws, and environmental regulations are all examples of ethical considerations being integrated into politics.

Arguments against Politics and Ethics being compatible:

• Politics is often a power game, where the goal is to win at any cost. Ethical considerations can hinder the pursuit of political power.

• Political leaders are often forced to make difficult decisions that may have negative ethical implications. In such situations, political expediency may override ethical considerations.

• Ethics is a subjective concept, and different people have different ethical values. It may not be possible to reach a consensus on ethical considerations in politics.

Illustrations supporting the idea of Politics and Ethics being incompatible:

• For example, the 2G spectrum scam, the Coal scam, and the Commonwealth Games scam are all examples of corruption in Indian politics, where politicians prioritized their self-interest over the greater good.

• For example, the Nirbhaya case, where a young woman was brutally raped and murdered in Delhi, highlighted the lack of accountability in Indian politics, where politicians failed to address the issue of women's safety and take action against the perpetrators.

• The use of torture as an interrogation technique by governments around the world is an example of political leaders disregarding ethical principles.

• The practice of gerrymandering, where political boundaries are redrawn to favor a particular political party, is an example of political leaders prioritizing their own interests over ethical considerations.

In conclusion, the relationship between politics and ethics is a complex one, and it is difficult to make a blanket statement that the two are either compatible or incompatible. While ethical considerations are often integrated into politics, there are also instances where political expediency overrides ethical principles. Ultimately, it is up to individual political leaders and society as a whole to decide how much weight to give to ethics in politics.