Essay Paper for APSC | Skill Development and Employment Opportunity
Skill Development and Employment Opportunity
Fundamentally, skill development is the time one invests in to improve their proficiency and to stay future-ready, any abilities that one follows as a passion, and the ability to complete a task with higher rates of success at the right time. It is essential because one’s skills determine their ability to execute their plans with success.
In today’s world, lack of proper education and training restricts people from the opportunities for self-advancement by limiting their access to well-paid employment. Eventually, this prevents such individuals from making an influential contribution to economic growth. Thus, adequate education quality and training are recognised as fundamental ways of breaking down the ecosystem of poverty. Skill development is no longer a matter of choice. It is imperative to adapt, survive and succeed.
Skill development in India
India has a literacy rate of around 70%, which is less than some of the least developed countries, and when it comes to employability, only 20% of them are employable. Literacy is not just restricted to education but even broadens to the concept of skills, which comprises technical expertise, vocational skills, transferable skills, digital skills, and other such knowledge and abilities required for employment and livelihood. According to a survey, only 25% of the Indian workforce has undergone a skill development program, and India needs a higher number of skilled workforce.
In this era, many organisations prefer skilled employees over less skilled ones as they have outstanding career growth, and they help boost the organisation in the same way with proficient working. Skills intensify the productivity and quality of work for more significant results. According to the World Trade Organization, the GDP level can increase up to 3%-5% in 2035, if India focuses on skill development and training. There is a great need for India to train and skill the youth for the overall development of the country.
Formulation of National Policy on Skill Development in 2009 which provides a holistic framework to address all issues systematically. Target to train 500 million persons by 2022. Aim to enhance individual employability and strengthen competitiveness of the country. It addresses issues of expansion of outreach, equity & access, quality & relevance, creation of Sector Skill Councils, development of Labour Market Information System, National Vocational Qualification Framework, etc.
The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is accountable for coordinating skill development activities in India. It has supported various organisations like National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), which aims to promote skill development in the country by establishing institutes across the country and National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), which seeks to coordinate the efforts of the government and the private sector and aid in skill development.
The government launched the Skill India Mission, under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, which aims to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022. The mission seeks vocational training and certification of Indian youth for a better livelihood and respect in the society. Various initiatives under this campaign are National Skill Development Mission, National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), Skill Loan scheme, Rural India Skill etc.
Private organisations, such as CLR Skill training foundation works under the provision of NEEM Scheme of the government to serve skill development, technical skills training and employment, earn and learn, non-technical skills and soft skills to the youth. We must support programmes that enhance access and improve educational opportunities from early-stage to education and skill development of the people of the country.
Skill development is a vital tool to empower people, to safeguard their future and for the overall development of an individual. It is an important aspect that enhances employability in today’s globalisation.
Skills are as essential as one’s academic status. Education and skills should now go hand in hand. They are the roots behind the economic growth and community development of a country.
In this context, the acquisition of education and skills can lead to industrial advancement, economic diversification, innovation, technological evolution and overall development of the country