Discuss about the Urbanisation in Assam .
Ans :- Urbanisation in Assam :- Assam has the largest urban population of 4.3 million (according to census 2011) amongst the North-eastern States. Guwahati (Kamrup-metro) has about 0.9 million urban population, while the other large cities of the state are Nagaon (population 116,355), Dibrugarh (population 138,661) and Silchar (Cachar ; population 172,709). This indicates that other than the concentration of more than 25% urban population of Assam in Guwahati and surrounding urban agglomeration, Assam has a well distributed urban population across the state. The state’s level of urbanization is 14 per cent in the Census 2011, which is a 1.2 percentage point increase over the Census 2001 urbanization level of 12.9 per cent. However, it is lower than the all-India annual rate of urbanization which is 2.82 per cent per annum in 2001-2011.
According to the census 2011 , Kamrup (metro) has highest urban population of 83% followed by Dima Hasao (29%) and Jorhat (20%) . Moreover , Baksa has lowest urban population of 1.3% followed by Udalguri (4.5%) and Darrang (6.1%) . The total number of Urban Agglomerations/Towns in Assam has increased from 110 in Census 2001 to 189 in Census 2011.
Conclusion :- Assam has a rate of urbanisation which is only 14% (census 2011) while India in 1951 had a rate of urbanisation of 17%. So in terms of urbanisation, Assam is not even where India was in 1951. India today is 31% urbanised. The rate in India has been around 2 percentage points per decade . Around 86 per cent of Assam's population live in the countryside, whereas just 14 per cent live in urban areas, revealed by released 2011 census report. As per National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) , about 56% workforce in Assam were engaged in agriculture and only 6.5% in industry and the remaining 37.5% in services.