Discuss about the newly formed Raimona National Park of Assam .
Ans : Raimona National Park :- “ Raimona Natioal Park “ has been added to latest addition to Assam's existing National Parks, as announced by Assam’s Chief Minister on the occasion of World Environment Day on 05.06.21 . The govt. sources said with the new addition, Assam has six National Parks and the process is underway to convert “ Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary “ into a National Park.
The Environment and Forest department of Assam issued the notification declaring Raimona as a National Park on 05.06.21 . The Raimona National Park, which falls under Kokrajhar district of BTC, is a part of a contiguous forest patch with an area of 422 square km, covering the northern part of the notified Ripu Reserve Forest (area of 508.62 square km), which forms the westernmost buffer to Manas Tiger Reserve in the southern foothills of Eastern Himalaya Biodiversity Hotspot.
The boundary of Raimona National Park, which forms with the Sonkosh River on the west along the inter-state boundary of West Bengal and Assam from Indo-Bhutan border in the southwards and Saralbhanga River on the east, runs northwards till it touches the Indo-Bhutan international boundary on the north and remaining part of “Ripu Reserve Forest” on the south. The southern boundary runs eastwards along up to Pekua River .
Historically, the area was a part of the migratory route of the faunal species from Himalayan Mountain, Indo-Malayan and Indo-Chinese realms towards west and Peninsular Indian realm species to the east. The new National Park shares contiguous forest patches with Phipsoo Wildlife Sanctuary and Jigme Singye Wangchuk National Park in Bhutan (total area of 1,999 square km), creating a transboundary conservation landscape of more than 2,400 square km.
Such secured trans-boundary ecological landscape will ensure long term conservation of endemic species like Golden Langur (Trachypithecus geei) - the mascot of BTC - and endangered species like Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris) and varied other flora and fauna species it supports. The new National Park forms the westernmost buffer to the Manas Tiger Reserve (TR), which is one of the nine such reserves in India first declared by Project Tiger in 1973. The area is also the integral part of Manas Biosphere Reserve (BR) and Chirang-Ripu Elephant Reserve (ER) and The Manas national park → (which is also a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site) .
Conclusion :- The announcement by govt. of Assam on 05.06.2021 to designate “Raimona National Park” as the 6th National park of the state has made a red letter day for the State and welcome news for wildlife lovers, nature lovers and conservationists. It will definitely boost the state’s efforts for the conservation and protection of Biodiversity .