Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 29-06-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 29-06-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 29-06-2022

Q1. The Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment (PGII) is initiative of

  1. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
  2. G7
  3. The World Bank
  4. Quadrilateral Security Dialogue

 

Answer (b)

Explanation:

The G7 plan to counter the Belt and Road initiative

  • Recently, S. President Joe Biden along with his G7 allies unveiled the                   Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment (PGII), largely seen as a counter to China’s multi- trillion dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
  • All PGII projects will be driven by “four priority pillars that will define the second half of the 21st century”. Tackling the climate crisis and ensuring global energy security, bolstering digital information and ICT networks, promoting gender equality and equity, and lastly, building and upgrading the global health infrastructure.
  • A PGII project has been announced in On the other hand, India has stayed away from China’s BRI, being wary of Beijing’s aim to increase its influence in the Indian Ocean Region.

 

Q2. He is considered the father of modern statistics in India, founded the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), shaped the Planning Commission and pioneered methodologies for large-scale surveys.

The above passage is talking about

  1. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
  2. Romesh Chunder Dutt
  3. Homi Jehangir Bhabha
  4. Dhananjay Ramchandra Gadgil

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Remembering the ‘Plan Man’ of India

  • Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis considered the father of modern statistics in India, founded the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), shaped the Planning Commission and pioneered methodologies for large-scale surveys.
  • Today, June 29, is national ‘Statistics Day’, in ‘recognition of the contributions made by Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis’, the ‘Plan Man’ of India; it is also his birthday.
  • It was P.C. Mahalanobis, who established a strong statistical culture in India and nourished it diligently through his lifelong Mahalanobis certainly believed data to be instrumental in efficient planning for national and human development.
  • Mahalanobis established the Statistical Laboratory within the Baker Laboratory at Presidency College. In 1933, Mahalanobis founded Sankhyā, the Indian Journal of Statistics.
  • He also established the National Sample Survey in 1950 and set up the Central Statistical Organisation to coordinate statistical He became a member of the Planning Commission in 1955 and continued till 1967.
  • Mahalanobis was instrumental in formulating India’s second five-year plan (1956-1961), which laid the blueprint for industrialisation and development in India.
  • One of his most remarkable achievements was when Mahalanobis devised a measure of comparison between two data sets, now popularly called "Mahalanobis distance". The study is widely used in the field of cluster analysis and classification.

 

Ties with Tagore

He helped Rabindranath Tagore to establish Visva Bharati University.

The data revolution:

  • There is little denying that data, in general, is on an ever- expanding pathway and is growing exponentially. Statistics, the subject, is also changing amid a wave of data science. One needs to adopt, for sure.
  • Attempts such as transforming the Planning Commission to NITI Aayog or merging the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) with the Central Statistical Office (CSO) to form the National Statistical Office (NSO) may not be enough though.

 

Q3. Which of the following is NOT a Horn of Africa country?

  1. Somalia
  2. Ethiopia
  3. Djibouti
  4. South Africa

 

Answer (d)

Explanation:

China’s interventions in the Horn of Africa

China’s three main objectives in Africa:

  • controlling the pandemic
  • implementing a Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) outcomes
  • upholding common interests while fighting hegemonic

African Welcome:

  • Africa has been keen on interacting with Despite accusations of debt-trapping surrounding China’s projects in Africa, the governments have mostly been welcoming.
  • China’s move “to play a role in the area of security” in Africa indicates a shift in its principle of non-intervention. It is China’s message that its presence in the continent has a larger objective and is not likely to be limited to the Horn of Africa.

 

Q4. Which of the follwoing is a appropriate description for Web3.0?

  1. It means user data is distributed across networks and no single entity owns the information
  2. It is more centralised and focused on user-created content
  3. It allows trade in Non-fungible tokens (NFTs)
  4. It is for METAVERSE only

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Web3 refers to the next generation of the worldwide web, supposed to take over from Web2.0, which is more centralised and focused on user-created content. The idea of Web3 is a decentralised web that challenges the dominance of tech giants by giving the power and data in the hands of the internet users rather than big tech corporations. In short, Web3 means user data is distributed across networks and no single entity owns the information.

Q5. Consider the following statements -

  1. Indian population decreased in the decade 1911-1921
  2. It happened mainly due to large-scale loss of life in World War I

Which of the above are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 2 Both
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Population decrease in the decade 1911-1921 is mainly attributed to the Spanish Influenza of 1918, and Famines and Plague of 1917.

While many of the factors and conditions set out in the next paragraph are directly due to the war, the war itself had little direct effect on the population of India. Such an effect could operate in three ways (1) By death casualties, (2) By increasing the number of persons outside India at the census, and (3) By decreasing the birth rate.

In considering the factors which determined the movement of the population, the decade may conveniently be divided into two periods, (A) a fairly normal period from 1911 to 1917 and (B) the disastrous epidemic year 1918, accompanied by scarcity and followed by a second crop failure in 1920. The influenza epidemic, starting in the later part of 1918, visited almost every portion of the country and wiped out in a few months practically the whole natural increase in the population for the previous seven years.

Q6. Which is the correct sequence for the following language families in decreasing order in terms of the number of speakers?

  1. Indo - European languages, Dravidian, Austric, Sino-Tibetan
  2. Indo - European languages, Austric, Dravidian, Sino-Tibetan
  3. Dravidian, Indo - European languages, Austric, Sino-Tibetan
  4. Dravidian, Indo - European languages, Sino-Tibetan, Austric

Answer (a)

Explanation: