Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 28-07-2022
Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 28-07-2022
Q1. “In politics, we will have equality and in social and economic life we will have inequality. These conflicts demanded attention: failing to do so, and those denied will blow up the structure of political democracy” Which of the follwoing leader said these words in constituent assembly in his last speech in 1946?
- Abul Kalam Azad
- BR Ambedkar
- Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani
- Jawaharlal Nehru
Cautioned by BR Ambedkar:
- In his last speech, in 1949, to the Constituent Assembly, B.R. Ambedkar sounded a note of caution about the Indian republic entering a life of contradictions.
- “In politics, we will have equality and in social and economic life we will have These conflicts demanded attention: failing to do so, and those denied will blow up the structure of political democracy”, he warned, though Jawaharlal Nehru truly believed that inequities could be addressed through his tryst with the planning process.
- A degree of centralisation in fiscal power was required to address the concerns of socio-economic and regional disparities, he felt.
- This asymmetric federalism, inherent to the Constitution, was only accelerated and mutually reinforced with political centralisation since 2014, making the Union Government extractive rather than enabling.
- While States lost their capacity to generate revenue by surrendering their rights in the wake of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, their expenditure pattern too was distorted by the Union’s intrusion, particularly through its centrally sponsored schemes.
Q2. Which of the following company launched street view in India?
The street, in 360-degree panoramic view
- Google announced the launch of its popular ‘Street View’ feature in India — after failing to bring the experience to India at least twice in the past decade, following security concerns raised by government agencies over a collection of data.
- For the launch this time, Google has partnered with two Indian firms — mapping solutions provider Genesys International and Tech Under the National Geospatial Policy, 2021, local companies can collect such data and foreign firms can license the data from Indian entities to serve their customers in the country.
- The India launch marks the first time in the world that Street View, which allows users to view panoramic and street-level 360-degree views of a particular place, is being brought to life completely by local partners.
- Street View will be available on Google Maps with fresh imagery licensed from local partners covering 1,50,000 km across 10 cities in India — Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Pune, Nashik, Vadodara, Ahmednagar, and Amritsar.
- Google, Genesys International, and Tech Mahindra plan to expand this to more than 50 cities by the end of 2022, and cover a little under one million unique km over the 18-24 months.
Q3. Consider the following statements
- The private sector has the highest installed power generation capacity in India compared to state and central sector
- Nuclear power is around 5 percent of the total installed capacity
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
Power generation capacity to hit 820GW
- According to a report by the Energy Resource Institute (TERI) the country’s electricity generation capacity will reach 820GW by 2030, including more than 500GW from non-fossil fuel sources.
- India had already started adding storage capacity to renewable energy.
- He also emphasised India’s commitment to energy transition targets though the country had one of the lowest per capita emissions.
- The roadmap also calls for state leadership in the development of pumped storage plants and feed-in-tariff for solar generation.
Q4. Which of the following state had highest tiger deaths between 2012-2020?
- Madhya Pradesh
1,059 tiger deaths in 10 yrs: NTCA
- There were 1,059 tiger deaths in India since 2012, with Madhya Pradesh recording the highest number of deaths, according to data published by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) on their website.
- Madhya Pradesh, which has six tiger reserves, and the highest population of tigers in the country, recorded 202 deaths between 2012 and 2020, followed by Maharashtra (141), and Karnataka (123).
- While these numbers seem alarming, MP’s tiger population has gone up in the past ten years. MP has the highest tiger numbers in the For obvious reasons, it will also have a higher number of natural deaths.
- Having said this, one needs to keep a watch on the number of deaths because with high tiger numbers inside and outside tiger reserves, MP can be a soft target for poachers.
- According to the tiger census of 2019, India has 2,967 tigers, of which 526 are in Madhya Pradesh.
Q5. Consider the following statements about a Gupta King and Identify him
- He took the title of ‘Kaviraja’
- He is shown playing the Veena in Royal coins
Select the correct answer from options given below
- Chandragupta II
Samudragupta was the first great king of the dynasty and is called ‘Indian Napoleon’ by Vincent Smith for the military expeditions that he carried on during his reign.
- He followed a policy called Sangraha (Total annexation), Vimochana (Liberation of some territories) and Anugraha (Restoral).
- He defeated four Aryavarta kings namely Chandravarma, Achyuta, Ganapainaga and Nagasena.
- He liberated the forest tribal kingdoms (Vimochana) near Vindh and defeated 12 South Indian Kings (Anugraha) and later restored them to their thrones.
- He also conquered North Eastern States – Samatata, Davaka, Kamarupa and Nepal.
- He took the title of ‘Kaviraja’.
- The grim image of Samudra Gupta as a military conqueror is ameliorated, however, by references to his love of poetry and by coins on which he is depicted playing the lyre.