Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 27-07-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 27-07-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 27-07-2022

Q1. Starlink, Oneweb and Kuiper are examples of

  1. Deep space probes of NASA
  2. Supernova scanner of James Webb
  3. Satellite networks
  4. Asteroid belt probes of NASA

 

Answer (c)

Explanation:

A path to global connectivity

Integrating terrestrial 5G networks with LEO satellite networks is the next step in communication infrastructure

Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite networks

  • As terrestrial 5G mobile networks are being rolled out across countries, there is a renewed interest in integrating Non- Terrestrial Networks, the primary one being the low latency Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite networks (SatNets), as a complement to terrestrial networks.
  • Towards this, Starlink, operated by the Elon Musk-owned SpaceX, and OneWeb, promoted by Bharti Global, have launched about 2,500 and 648 LEO satellites respectively at an altitude of about 1,200 km with the objective of promoting global broadband connectivity.
  • There are other players such as Reliance Jio in a joint venture with Luxembourg-based SES and Amazon’s Project Kuiper.

Q2.   Recently declared  ramsar site Pichavaram  Mangrove are situated in

  1. Tamil Nadu
  2. Madhya Pradesh
  3. Mizoram
  4. Kerala

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

India adds five more Ramsar sites

  • India has added five more Ramsar sites, or wetlands of international importance, bringing the number of such sites in the country to 54.
  • These are the Karikili Bird Sanctuary, Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest and Pichavaram Mangrove in Tamil Nadu, the Sakhya Sagar in Madhya Pradesh and the Pala Wetlands in Mizoram.
  • India’s Ramsar wetlands are spread over 11,000 sq. km — around 8% of the total wetland area in the country — across 18 No other South Asian country has as many sites.The National Wetland Inventory and Assessment compiled by the ISRO estimates India’s wetlands to span around 1,52,600 square kilometres.
  • Being designated a Ramsar site does not necessarily invite extra international funds, but the States — and the Centre — must ensure that these tracts of land are conserved and spared from encroachment.
    • Acquiring this label also helps with a locale’s tourism potential and its international visibility.

 

Q3. Which of the following countries operate the International Space Station (ISS)?

  1. Russia
  2. The S.A.
  3. Europe
  4. China
  5. Canada

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Russia to leave ISS after 2024, focus on building own outpost

  • Russia will pull out of the International Space Station after 2024 and focus on building its own orbiting outpost.
  • NASA and other international partners hope to keep the space station running until 2030, while the Russians have been reluctant to make commitments beyond 2024.
  • The space station is jointly run by the space agencies of Russia, the S., Europe, Japan and Canada. The first piece was put in orbit in 1998, and the outpost has been continuously inhabited for nearly 22 years. It is used to conduct scientific research in zero gravity and test out equipment for future space journeys.

 

Q4. According to the latest amendment to Flag Code 2002 in July 2022

  1. The government has allowed the use of machine-made and polyester flags
  2. The tricolour can be hoisted only between sunrise and sunset

 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Aim to have flag hoisted in 200mn households: Official

  • The Union government wants at least 200 million households to hoist or display the national flag between August 13 and 15 as part of the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ movement to commemorate 75 years of independence.
  • Traditionally, only hand-woven Indian Flags made of cotton, silk, wool or Khadi were allowed as official However, last month, the govt modified the rules & notified that flags made of polyester were also permissible for greater availability.

The Flag Code 2002

  • The Flag Code of India, 2002, states that a member of the public, private organisation, or educational institute is allowed to hoist the national flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise, consistent with the dignity and honour of the flag.
  • Before the 2002 code was introduced, the display of the national flag was governed by provisions of The Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950, and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act,1971.

What are the amendments to the code?

  • On July 20, 2022, the Centre amended the Flag Code of India, allowing the national flag to be flown both in the day and at night if it is displayed in the open or on the house of a member of the public. Earlier, the tricolour could be hoisted only between sunrise and sunset.
  • In an earlier amendment dated December 30, 2021, the government had allowed the use of machine-made and polyester flags. Previously, such flags were not allowed to be used.

 

Q5. The Enforcement Directorate (ED) is a statutory body for enforcement of

  1. The Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA)
  2. The Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA)
  3. Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967
  4. The Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 2, 3 and 4
  2. 2 and 4
  3. 1, 2 and 4
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

Answer (c)

Explanation:

ED conducted 112 raids from 2004-14, over 3k in 8 years after that, says MHA

  • The Enforcement Directorate (ED) carried out 3,010 raids and attached proceeds of crime worth ₹99,356 crores under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) over the last eight years, since the government came to power, as compared to only 112 raids and the attachment of ₹5,346 crore proceeds of crime between 2004-05 and 2013-14, the tenure of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA), the finance ministry told Parliament.
  • Similarly, while only 8,586 investigations were taken up for violation of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) by the federal agency between 2004-05 and 2013-14, this number rose to 22,320 FEMA cases over the following eight years.

 

Significance:

  • Asserting that searches in the course of investigation of money laundering cases are very important from the perspective of a collection of evidence.
  • Increase in the number of searches shows the government’s commitment to preventing money laundering and improved systems for gathering financial intelligence through the use of technology, better interagency cooperation and exchange of information both domestically and internationally.
  • This also shows concerted efforts to complete pending investigations in old cases and investigations in complex money laundering cases that have multiple accused requiring multiple searches are some of the reasons for the increase in the number of searches.

 

The Directorate of Enforcement

It is a multi-disciplinary organization mandated with investigation of offence of money laundering and violations of foreign exchange laws. The statutory functions of the Directorate include enforcement of following Acts:

  1. The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA): It is a criminal law enacted to prevent money laundering and to provide for confiscation of property derived from, or involved in, money-laundering and for matters connected therewith or incidental ED has been given the responsibility to enforce the provisions of the PMLA by conducting investigation to trace the assets derived from proceeds of crime, to provisionally attach the property and to ensure prosecution of the offenders and confiscation of the property by the Special court.
  1. The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA): It is a civil law enacted to consolidate and amend the laws relating to facilitate external trade and payments and to promote the orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in ED has been given the responsibility to conduct investigation into suspected contraventions of foreign exchange laws and regulations, to adjudicate and impose penalties on those adjudged to have contravened the law.
  2. The Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018 (FEOA): This law was enacted to deter economic offenders from evading the process of Indian law by remaining outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts. It is a law whereby Directorate is mandated to attach the properties of the fugitive economic offenders who have escaped from the India warranting arrest and provide for the confiscation of their properties to the Central Government.