Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 25-02-2023
Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 25-02-2023
Q1. Majhgawan diamond mines are situated in the state of
a. Madhya Pradesh
The entire Bijawar-Panna plateau in the Vindhya range is rich in different
rock formations. The G 20 meeting in Khajuraho will create ripple effects benefitting local people, artisans, and food entrepreneurs and produce enough opportunities for local economic development while also strengthening India’s soft power.
Knowledge-exchange programmes around geo-tourism with naturalists, geologists, and palaeontologists, and educational visits to the Majhgawan diamond mines in Panna could benefit students and enthusiasts, thus creating local livelihood opportunities, keeping sustainability principles, environmental ethics, and cultural sensitivities in mind. These initiatives shall also provide livelihood support to SHGs, artisans, local vendors, folk artists, dancers, naturalists, etc., supporting schemes such as #vocalforlocal and #atmanirbharbharat. Therefore, to speak of a dedicated geo-tourism and knowledge tourism circuit in this whole belt merits attention while strengthening cultural capital and natural heritage.
Q2. Which of the following states reported the highest number of birds in the Great Backyard Bird Count (GBBC) 2023?
b. West Bengal
d. Arunachal Pradesh
Birders delight: Bengal reports 489 species during count
• West Bengal reported the highest number of species of birds, followed by Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh during the Great Backyard Bird Count (GBBC) 2023 across 35 States and Union Territories from February 17 to February 20.
• India was among 190 countries that participated in the GBBC 2023, an annual event that brings bird enthusiasts, students and nature enthusiasts together for counting birds they see around the places where they live, work or study.
• The GBBC was launched in 1998. The Bird Count India organises the GBBC in the country.
• The BCI is an informal partnership of organisations and groups working together to increase collective knowledge about bird distributions and populations.
Q3. Which of the following countries will organise the forthcoming United Nations Conference of Parties (COP-28)?
COP-28 must focus on adaptation instead of mitigation, says official
• The forthcoming United Nations Conference of Parties (COP-28) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Dubai must focus on adaptation instead of mitigation, Leena Nandan, Secretary, Environment Ministry, said.
• The concepts of mitigation and adaptation are at the heart of international climate discourse. Adaptation refers to assisting countries that are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change (coastal states, island nations) with finance and infrastructural assistance.
• Mitigation refers to reducing carbon emissions and historically, countries have wrangled over the deadlines and upper limit of emissions to keep global temperatures from rising 0.5 degree Celsius or 1 degree Celsius from the current levels.
• “We have all along focused on mitigation. But adaptation lies at the heart of equity and climate justice. When we speak of climate finance, the very definition of climate finance is yet to be arrived at. COP-28 should focus on action,” Ms. Nandan said.
• “We require much more discussion on loss and damages and the mechanism for the loss and damage (fund) to be operationalised. India has made a firm commitment to green growth as well as mindful utilisation of resources,” she added.
• The decision to establish a loss and damage fund, and to compensate some countries for the damage already wrecked from climate change was the highlight of the COP-27 that concluded in Cairo in November, 2022. There is, however, no agreement on who will fund it, despite estimates that it should at the minimum be worth $500 billion.
Q4. Which of the following conventions is linked to the term ‘Global stocktake’?
a. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
b. The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
c. Rotterdam Convention
d. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The global stocktake of the Paris Agreement (GST): The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The global stocktake of the Paris Agreement (GST) is a process for taking stock of the implementation of the Paris Agreement with the aim to assess the world’s collective progress towards achieving the purpose of the agreement and its long-term goals (Article 14).Decision 19/CMA.1 outlines the modalities and sources of input for the GST.
The first GST will run from 2021 to 2023 and will be repeated every 5 years thereafter. The GST facilitates the assessment of global collective progress on three thematic areas:
• Means of implementation and support
A major highlight of the Dubai COP, scheduled in November, is expected to be the ‘global stocktake’, or when signatories to the climate treaties are expected to inform the world on the progress they have made in fulfilling their contributions (voluntary commitments to cut emissions and progress towards a 1.5° Celsius limit), and the way forward to closing them.
Q5. The National Mobile Monitoring System (NMMS) is being used in implementation of
a. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
b. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana
c. National Clean Air Programme
d. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
MGNREGS: over 40% of gram panchayats do not report digital attendance
It has been 55 days since the government made it mandatory to capture the attendance of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) workers through a mobile application — National Mobile Monitoring System (NMMS). However, the Ministry of Rural Development’s own statistics point out that 41.3% of the gram panchayats have reported no NMMS usage.
As per the Ministry statistics (MIS report 21.6), as on Friday, the NMMS usage has been reported only in 1,58,390 of the total 2,69,637 gram panchayats. The work of recording the attendance at each worksite is done by the MGNREGS mates or supervisors.
A total of 3,83,421 mates have registered on the NMMS, but so far only 99,687 registered devices have been used to record the attendance, which is merely 25.9%.
Q6. Pandav caves and falls and Raneh falls are situated in the state of
b. Uttar Pradesh
d. Madhya Pradesh
Pandav caves and falls, Panna
The mystic Pandav caves and falls en route to the Panna tiger reserve are another mystery in stone. Characterised by relatively cooler climes, the natural waterfall forms a heart-shaped emerald-green reservoir. The geology is fascinating, and unlike Raneh, which is rich in igneous and volcanic formations, Pandav falls are rich in sedimentary rock formations, as locals say. Legends have it that Pandavas from the Mahabharat spent some time in the dense forests of Panna during their exile. Dotted with medicinally rich Arjuna trees, a favourite habitat of the sloth bear, Pandav caves and falls are surrounded by sedimentary rocks such as shale and limestone with various stalactite and stalagmite formations inside the caves. A perennial, very thin ribbon waterfall forms right above the caves. Locals believe the water here is naturally filtered with limestone and rich in medicinal minerals. Other places of interest include the Ajaygarh fort and Brihaspati Kund.
Culture and geo-tourism around Khajuraho
Geo-tourism around several rock formations and waterfalls could be a potential area for the state government to expand while being mindful of the threats from mining, damage to natural capital, and community displacement. The multi-coloured rocks in Raneh are marvels in stone. Different igneous rocks exist, mainly granite, dolomite, jasper, quartz, and sandstone. Forming a deep gorge (around 5 km) and a 30-meter-deep canyon due to volcanic eruptions, the marvellous stone and rock formations of Raneh form a splendid sight to behold. The Raneh waterfall comes to life during monsoons, but waters from “Karnavati” or Ken keep the main waterfall perennial throughout the year. The emerald green water resembles “Panna,” or emerald gemstone.