Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 22-07-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 22-07-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 22-07-2022

Q1. Consider the following statements about the Aravalli Range

  1. The highest peak is Guru Shikhar on Mount Abu
  2. The Aravalli Range is considered one of the oldest geological features on Earth, having its origin in the Proterozoic era
  3. The Aravalli Range is rich in natural resources (including minerals) and serves as check to the growth of the western desert

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

 

Answer (d)

Explanation:

The Aravalli Range is a mountain range in Northern-Western India, running approximately 670 km (430 mi) in a south-west direction, starting near Delhi, passing through southern Haryana, Rajasthan, and ending in Ahmedabad Gujarat. The highest peak is Guru Shikhar on Mount Abu at 1,722 metres (5,650 ft). The Aravalli Range is arguably the oldest geological feature on Earth, having its origin in the Proterozoic era. The Aravalli Range is rich in natural resources (including minerals) and serves as check to the growth of the western desert.

Q2. India’s 15th President Droupadi Murmu belongs to the

  1. Santhal Tribe
  2. Munda Tribe
  3. Gond Tribe
  4. Bhil Tribe

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

The election of Droupadi Murmu should lead to more attention on the rights of tribespeople

 

Symbolism and substance:

  • The election of Droupadi Murmu as India’s 15th President is rich in In the 75th year of the country’s Independence, Ms Murmu becomes the second woman to occupy the Rashtrapati Bhavan, and the first member of a tribal community to do so. Her membership of the Santhal tribe is in focus.
  • She has risen through the ranks in the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and has shown a mind of her own during her stint as Governor of Jharkhand. Her election to the highest office of the country comes 101 years after two tribespeople were elected to legislative bodies in colonial India.

 

Q3. Which of the folllwing state has secured top spot in the NITI ayog innovation index list?

  1. Gujarat
  2. Telangana
  3. Karnataka
  4. Tamil Nadu

Answer (c)

Explanation:

Karnataka tops NITI Aayog innovation index list

  • Karnataka has bagged the top rank in NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index, 2022, which determines innovation capacities and ecosystems at the sub-national level. The State has held this position, under the Major States category, in all three editions of the Index so far.
  • Manipur secured the lead in the Northeast and Hill States category, while Chandigarh was the top performer in the Union Territories and City States category.

 

Q4. Consider the following statements about the Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D (GDERD)

  1. India’s GDERD as a percentage of GDP stood at about 0.7%
  2. According to NITI ayog GDERD should touch at least 2% to realise goal of 5 trillion economy

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (c)

Explanation:

Globally insufficient on innovation front:

  • Pointing out that India’s average innovation score is insufficient, given the country’s ambitious targets to be named among the top 25 nations in the Global Innovation Index, the report by the government think tank has recommended measures, such as increasing Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D (GDERD), promoting private sector participation in R&D and closing the gap between industry demand and what the country produces through its education systems.
  • The report went on to state that countries that spend less on GDERD fail to retain their human capital in the long run and the ability to innovate is dependent on the quality of human capital; India’s GDERD as a percentage of GDP stood at about 0.7%.
  • Therefore, GDERD needs considerable improvement and should touch at least 2%, which would play an instrumental role in India achieving the goal of a 5 trillion economy. (NITI AYOG)

 

Role of the private sector:

  • It added that the private sector needs to pick up pace in R&D.
  • Taking evidence from countries such as South Korea, and the U.S. where the presence of private players is evident, the report noted that public expenditure is productive up to some extent; once the growth follows a trajectory, it is desirable to shift to R&D mostly drive by the private sector.
  • Therefore, it is important for India to find that inflexion point after which the private sector takes over the government sector, it added.

 

Q5. Which of the following states does not share boundary with Bhutan?

  1. West Bengal
  2. Assam
  3. Sikkim
  4. Meghalaya

 

Answer (d)

Explanation: