Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 20-08-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 20-08-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 20-08-2022

Q1. A Decent work according to the International Labour Organization (ILO) includes

  1. Fair wage
  2. Secure employment
  3. Social dialogue
  4. Social Protection

Select the correct answer from the codes given below.

  1. 2, 3 and 4
  2. 2 and 4
  3. 1, 2 and 4
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

Answer (d)

Explanation:

Decent work sums up the aspirations of people in their working lives. It involves opportunities for work that is productive and delivers a fair income, security in the workplace and social protection for all, better prospects for personal development and social integration, freedom for people to express their concerns, organize and participate in the decisions that affect their lives and equality of opportunity and treatment for all women and men.

The ILO's Decent Work Agenda

Productive employment and decent work are key elements to achieving a fair globalization and poverty reduction. The ILO has developed an agenda for the community of work looking at job creation, rights at work, social protection and social dialogue, with gender equality as a crosscutting objective.

 

Q2. Consider the following statements

  1. The Great Indian Bustard (GIB) lays multiple eggs at once
  2. It is found in Desert National Park (DNP)

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (b)

Explanation:

Bustards adapt to produce a 2-egg clutch

  • The perceived beliefs and recorded observations of the egg-laying habit of the Great Indian Bustard (GIB) have changed after the recent excessive rains in western Rajasthan.
  • The critically endangered bird species has adopted an altogether new behaviour of giving a clutch of two eggs at a time after getting an additional protein diet during the monsoon season.
  • Environmentalists in Rajasthan have hailed it as a new record, as all experts had been reporting a clutch of the single egg by GIB for more than a Scientists working on ex situ breeding of these endangered birds have discovered the new proclivity in Jaisalmer district’s Desert National Park (DNP).
  • Aimed at preserving the GIBs whose population has reduced to less than 150 in the wild, the breeding project focuses on spatial prioritisation, risk characterisation and conservation management with the endangered species.

Q3. Dahi handi has been given an adventure sports tag in the state of

  1. Bihar
  2. Uttar Pradesh
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Gujarat

Answer (c)

Explanation:

  • Announcing his government’s decision to accord adventure sport status to Dahi handi (in which a human pyramid is formed) Chief Minister Eknath Shinde said that it is just like kabaddi, wrestling and kho kho.
  • Dahi handi is an integral part of celebrations in Maharashtra to mark the birth of Lord Krishna with clay pots filled with curd strung up at various heights in different localities. The event also receives a lot of political backing and cash prizes.
  • Mr Shinde declared August 19 as a holiday to help people celebrate the festival without any restrictions after two Speaking in the Assembly, the Chief Minister announced group insurance of ₹10 lakh for the youngsters (called Govindas) who form the pyramid in case of death, ₹7.5 lakh in case of grievous injury, and ₹5 lakh in case of broken limbs. He also said they would get priority in government jobs.

 

Q4. Mudhol hounds, a breed of hunting dogs, could be inducted into the Special Protection Group (SPG), the elite force protecting the Prime Minister of India.

These dogs are native to

  1. Karnataka
  2. Bihar
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Kerala

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

 

Potentially tasked with protecting the PM, what are Karnataka’s Mudhol hounds?

  • Mudhol hounds, a breed of hunting dogs native to north Karnataka, could be inducted into the Special Protection Group (SPG), the elite force protecting the Prime Minister of India.
  • The dogs already serve with the Indian armed forces and some paramilitary forces and could become the first indigenous breed to be part of the SPG.
  • In his Mann ki Baat address in August 2020, the Prime Minister mentioned by name several Army and disaster mission dogs, and added words of praise for “very good and capable” Indian breeds. “Among the Indian breeds, Mudhol hound and Himachali hound are of excellent pedigree,” he said.

 

Characteristics of the Mudhol hound

Known for their hunting and guarding skills, the characteristically lanky Mudhol hounds get their name from the erstwhile kingdom of Mudhol (in present-day Bagalkot), whose rulers first began to breed them. The dogs are fast runners, with excellent stamina and agility, and have a sharp vision and a keen sense of smell.

 

Q5. Which of the following features of the Indian Government system are the essential features of the parliamentary Government system?

  1. Presence of nominal and real executives
  2. Membership of the ministers in the legislature
  3. Independent judiciary system

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer (a)

Explanation:

 

Elements and Features of Parliamentary System are;

  • Nominal and Real Head: The head of the state holds a ceremonial position and is the nominal executive. For example, the President. In India, the head of government is the Prime Minister who is the real executive.
  • The executive is a Part of Legislature: The Executive forms a part of the legislature. In India, the person should be a member of parliament to become a member of the executive.
  • Majority Party Rule
  • Collective Responsibility: The council of ministers are collectively responsible to the The lower house of parliament has an ability to dismiss a government by getting the no-confidence motion passed in the house. In India, the government survives until the time it enjoys the support of the majority of members in the Lok Sabha. Thus, Lok Sabha is empowered to introduce a no-confidence motion against the government.
  • Prime Minister as the Centre of Power: In India, the Prime Minister is the real executive. He is the head of the government, the council of ministers and the ruling Thus, he has to play a significant and important role in the working of the government.
  • Parliamentary Opposition: No government in the parliament can get a hundred % majority. The opposition plays an important role in checking the arbitrary use of authority by the political executive.
  • Independent Civil Service: The civil servants advise and implement decisions of the government. Civil servants hold permanent appointments based on the merit-based selection process. They ensure continuity of employment even when the government changes. The civil service also ensures efficiency in the execution of duties and responsibilities.
  • Bicameral Legislature: Most of the countries following the parliamentary system, including India, have a bicameral legislature. The members of the Lower House of all these countries are elected by the The Lower House can be dissolved, in case the term of the government is over or there is no scope of government formation due to lack of majority in the house. In India, the President can dissolve the Lok Sabha on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
  • Secrecy: The members of the executive in this system have to follow the principle of secrecy in matters such as proceedings, executive meetings, policymaking etc. In India, the ministers take oaths of secrecy before entering their office.

 

The Independent judiciary system is a feature of federalism.

The main federal features of the Indian Constitution are as follows:

  1. Written Constitution
  2. Dual Polity
  3. Supremacy of Constitution
  4. Independent Judiciary
  5. Division of Powers between the union and state government
  6. Rigid Constitution
  7. Bicameral Legislature

Q6. Consider the following statements

  1. The state legislative assemblies can not have more than 500 members
  2. The creation of Legislative Councils requires amendment under article 368 of the Constitution

Which of the following is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

 

Article 170: Composition of the Legislative Assemblies.

  • Subject to the provisions of article 333, the Legislative Assembly of each State shall consist of not more than five hundred, and not less than sixty, members chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies in the State.
  • For the purposes of clause (1), each State shall be divided into territorial constituencies in such manner that the ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted to it shall, so far as practicable, be the same throughout the State.

Article 169: Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States.

  • Notwithstanding anything in article 168, Parliament may by law provide for the abolition of the Legislative Council of a State having such a Council or for the creation of such a Council in a State having no such Council, if the Legislative Assembly of the State passes a resolution to that effect by a majority of the total membership of the Assembly and by a majority of not less than two- thirds of the members of the Assembly present and voting.
  • Any law referred to in clause (1) shall contain such provisions for the amendment of this Constitution as may be necessary to give effect to the provisions of the law and may also contain such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions as Parliament may deem necessary.
  • No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.