Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 18-07-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 18-07-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 18-07-2022

Q1. The “Population Prospects” forecasts that India will surpass China’s population by 2023, it is released by

  1. The United Nations
  2. The World Economic Forum
  3. European Population Forum
  4. The World Bank

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Improvement of the country's human development index hinges on providing quality education to the girl child

 

Population Prospects

  • The United Nations' latest report, “Population Prospects” forecasts that India will surpass China’s population by 2023, reaching 5 billion by 2030 and 1.66 billion by 2050.
  • China’s experiences hold some important lessons for India, especially because in 1978, when China embarked on its economic reforms, its per capita income at $156.4 was way below that of India at $205.7. Both countries were saddled with humongous poverty.
  • Today, China is more than six times ahead of India in terms of per capita income – China’s per capita income in 2021 was $12,556, while that of India was $1,933 in 2020. It is this economic prosperity that has enabled China to spend large amounts on building its military might.

 

Q2. Consider the following statements

  1. Kala Azar or Black fever disease is endemic to Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal
  2. Kala-azar is a protozoan parasitic disease
  3. It is spread by sandfly bites

 

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

 

Answer (d)

Explanation:

  • Kala Azar or Black fever disease is endemic to Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, with an estimated 165.4 million people at its risk.
  • Kala-azar or Visceral Leishmaniasis is a protozoan parasitic disease, spread by sandfly bites. Sandflies are brown in colour and have hairs on their bodies. The flies are infected with the parasite called ‘leishmania donovani’.
  • The vector sandfly is known to live in cracks and crevices of muddy houses, especially in dark and humid According to the WHO, there are 3 main forms of leishmaniases of which kala-azar is the most serious form.
  • The disease affects some of the poorest people and is linked to malnutrition, population displacement, poor housing, a weak immune system and a lack of financial Leishmaniasis is also linked to environmental changes such as deforestation, and urbanisation, according to WHO.
  • In the country as a whole, there has been a significant decline in cases over the In 2014, around 9,200 cases were reported while in 2021 the number fell to 1,276 cases.

 

Q3. Recently The health ministry has banned the manufacture, sale and distribution of the antibiotic colistin and its formulations for food-producing animals and animal feed supplements. In this regard consider the following statements

 

  1. It has been found that the Overuse of Antibiotics is causing increasing Antimicrobial resistance in India
  2. Colistin is used as a growth promoter to boost the weight of the animals.

 

Which of the above are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (c)

Explanation:

Recently, the Health Ministry has banned the manufacture, sale and distribution of antibiotic, Colistin and its formulations for food- producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements in a bid to preserve the drug’s efficacy in humans.

The ban has been imposed under the provisions of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and a notification in this regard has been issued by the Centre. It is found that the misuse of colistin in the poultry industry is said to be a major reason for the increase in antibiotic resistance in India.

 

Reasons for use of Antibiotics in Animal food

  1. For the treatment of animals that show clinical signs of an infectious disease.
  2. As a growth promoter to boost the weight of the animals.
  3. Currently, few laws in India govern antibiotic use in food animals, and most pertain only to animal products for export.

 

Q4. It is considered the flagship grassland species, representing the health of the grassland ecology. The state government has started "Project Godawan" for its conservation at Desert National Park (DNP) in Jaisalmer.

The above passage is talking about which of the following?

  1. White Tiger
  2. Jerdon’s Courser
  3. Red-headed Vulture
  4. Great Indian Bustard

Answer (d)

Explanation:

Recently The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change initiated a project worth Rs 33.85 crore for the conservation and protection of the Great Indian Bustard. Only 130 such birds are left in India. Great Indian Bustard is placed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the highest degree of legal protection in the country. It is categorised as “critically endangered” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The great Indian Bustard is Rajasthan's state bird. The state government has started "Project Godawan" for its conservation at Desert National Park (DNP) in Jaisalmer.

It’s one of the Species for the Recovery Programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

Q5.   Consider the following about Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMC)

  1. They are statutory bodies under The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
  2. These are based on Arabari experiments in West Bengal

 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (b)

Explanation:

 

Joint Forest Management (JFM) is a partnership involving both the forest departments and local communities in natural forest management. The concept was introduced by Government of India through the National Forest Policy of 1988. It has no legal backing.

Joint Forest Management (JFM) program in the present form can be traced to the Arabari experiment initiated by foresters in the state of West Bengal. This experiment provided a strong feedback for incorporation of the system in the National Forest Policy of 1988. In many locations people’s voluntary groups were engaged in the protection of forests without any initiative from the Government. Subsequently, based on the experience, the process of institutionalizing people’s participation in forest protection and regeneration began. This type of collective endeavor in protection and management of forests through people’s involvement was later termed as Joint Forest Management.