Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 13-09-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 13-09-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 13-09-2022

Q1. Consider the following statements about the First Five Year Plan

  1. It was launched under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru
  2. Its main focus was on the agricultural development of the country
  3. It was based on the Harrod-Domar model with a few modifications

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only
    2. 2 and 3 only
    3. 1 and 3 only
    4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer (d)

Explanation:

First Five Year Plan:

  • It was launched for the duration of 1951 to 1956, under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • It was based on the Harrod-Domar model with a few modifications.
  • Its main focus was on the agricultural development of the country.
  • This plan was successful and achieved a growth rate of 6% (more than its target of 2.1%).

 

Q2. Consider the following statements

  1. The highest percentage of multidimensionally poor people live in Bihar
  2. Kerala has an exemplary achievement in human development well above the all-India average

Which of the above is/are incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (d)

Explanation:

Challenges in India, SDGs

  1. Nevertheless, India’s natural resource use is far from efficient, environmental problems are growing, and the onslaught on nature goes on unabated with little concern about its fallout — as evident from a number of ongoing and proposed projects.
  2. At the same time, India has 9% people under the Multidimensional Poverty Index ranging from 1.10% in Kerala to 52.50% in Bihar, and a sizable section of them directly depend on natural resources for their sustenance.
  3. Kerala has an exemplary achievement in human development with an HDI value of 0.775, well above the all-India average. However, on the environmental front, there are several challenges that warrant concrete actions; otherwise, the gains of human development may not be sustained.
  4. The twin challenges of poverty alleviation and environmental safeguarding that former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi first articulated in her lecture during the Stockholm conference on the human environment in 1972 still remain unattended. Fifty years have passed.

 

Q3. Consider the following statements about Lantana Camara

  1. It is an invasive species of American origin
  2. It threatens to degrade the tiger habitats of the country
  3. It arrived in India as an ornamental plant

Which of the above is/are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only
    2. 2 and 3 only
    3. 1 and 3 only
    4. 1, 2 and 3

 

Answer (d)

Explanation:

Lantana Camara

  1. A recent study found Lantana Camara, a tropical American shrub, has invaded more than 40 per cent of India’s tiger The Shivalik hills, Central India, and Southern Western Ghats are the worst hit.
  2. With the ability to adapt to the changing climate, lantana can tolerate high temperatures and moisture. The species now threatens about 300,000 km of Indian forests.
  3. Scientists highlight the urgent need for habitat-oriented management, biodiversity monitoring, and restoration oriented studies to safeguard forests.

 

While India talks about the impacts of developmental projects on biodiversity, an exotic plant with pretty flowers has diligently carved its way to degrade its forests. This plant, Lantana Camara, is a thicket forming shrub native to tropical America.

Arriving in India as an ornamental plant in the early 1800s, lantana has escaped from gardens and taken over entire ecosystems, now occupying 40 per cent of India’s tiger range alone.

Multiple hybrid varieties of lantana were brought to India and over the 200 years of its introduction, the varieties have hybridized and formed a complex. The species is now able to climb up the canopy as a woody vine, entangle other plants by forming a dense thicket, and spread on the forest floor as a scrambling shrub.

Q4. In which of the following regions of India are you most likely to come across the ‘Great Indian Hornbill’ in its natural habitat?

  1. Sand deserts of northwest India
  2. Higher Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir
  3. Salt marshes of western Gujarat
  4. The Western Ghats

Answer (d)

Explanation:

IUCN status: Vulnerable (uplisted from Near Threatened in 2018), CITES Appendix I

  1. The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) also known as the great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family.
  2. The great hornbill is long-lived, living for nearly 50 years in captivity.
  3. It is predominantly fruit-eating, but is an opportunist and preys on small mammals, reptiles and birds.
  4. A large majority of their population is found in India with a significant proportion in the Western Ghats and the Nilgiris. 
  5. The nesting grounds of the birds in the Nilgiris North Eastern Range are also believed to support some of their highest densities.

Their ecological significance

Referred to as ‘forest engineers’ or ‘farmers of the forest’ for playing a key role in dispersing seeds of tropical trees, hornbills indicate the prosperity and balance of the forest they build nests in.

 

Threats

Hornbills used to be hunted for their casques — upper beak — and feathers for adorning headgear despite being cultural symbols of some ethnic communities in the northeast, specifically the Nyishi of Arunachal Pradesh. Illegal logging has led to fewer tall trees where the bird’s nest.

Hornbill Festival

The Hornbill Festival is a celebration held every year from 1 – 10 December, in Kohima, Nagaland. The festival was first held in the year 2000. It is named after the Indian hornbill, the large and colourful forest bird which is displayed in the folklore of most of the state’s tribes.

Q5. Consider the following statements

  1. The union can create new states without amending the constitution
  2. Amending power under article 368 is not required for the creation of the states

Which of the above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (b)

Explanation:

The types of amendments can be found below. There are three ways in

which the Constitution can be amended:

  1. Amendment by a simple majority of the Parliament
  2. Amendment by a special majority of the Parliament
  3. Amendment by a special    majority    of the Parliament and the ratification of at least half of the state legislatures.

By Simple Majority of Parliament,

A number of provisions in the Constitution can be amended by a simple majority of the two houses of Parliament outside the scope of Article 368.

These provisions include

  1. Admission or establishment of new states.
  2. Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states.

Hence statement 1 is incorrect as the creation of states requires an amendment to the constitution however it is done outside the scope of article 368.