Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 10-10-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 10-10-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 10-10-2022

Q1. Which of the following countries are part of the Malabar exercise?

  1. Japan
  2. New Zealand
  3. Australia
  4. The USA

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

  1. 1 and 4 only
  2. 1, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4


Answer (b)


Indian Navy to join the Malabar exercise and International Fleet Review in Japan in Nov.

  • Japan will host the 2022 edition of the Malabar naval exercise consisting of India, Australia, Japan and the U.S.
  • The Indian Navy will also participate in the International Fleet Review (IFR) being hosted in the first week of November to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Japanese Maritime Self- Defence Force (JMSDF), an official source said.
  • This is the latest in a series of bilateral and multilateral exercises in which the Indian armed forces have taken part recently.
  • In October-end, the India-U.S. bilateral Army exercise ‘Yudh Abhyas’ is scheduled to take place in the high-altitude areas of Uttarakhand, around 100 km (aerial distance) from the Line of Actual Control.
  • India is currently hosting the multilateral anti-terror exercise ‘Manesar Anti-terror 2022’ under the ambit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure scheduled from October 8 to 13.

Q2. Dispute over election symbol between two factions of a former party is adjudicated by

  1. The Election Commission of India (ECI)
  2. Speaker of Loksabha
  3. Party President
  4. President of India

Answer (a)


Why has the Election Commission frozen the Shiv Sena’s symbol?

  • Whenever parties split, there are chances of a dispute arising over claims to its election symbol. The ECI adjudicates the matter, using Para 15 of the Symbols Order, 1968.
  • In an interim order, the Election Commission of India (ECI) froze the well-known ‘bow and arrow’ election symbol of the Shiv Sena until the competing claims for recognition by the two rival factions is decided.


Q3. Which of the following river falls into the Indian ocean?

  1. Niger
  2. Gambia
  3. Zambezi
  4. Congo


Answer (a)



Q4. Consider the following statements

  1. Under the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, of 1940 the primary remit for monitoring the manufacture and sale of drugs is that of state authorities
  2. The CDSCO is responsible for laying down standards and providing expert advice to regulators in the states

Which of the above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (c)


India’s drug problem: Why WHO’s alert over Indian medicines in the Gambia should not be ignored

  • The country’s pharma industry has largely been in denial over quality control concerns expressed by international observers. Industry bodies need to do more. Adverse reports could dent the country’s reputation of being the pharmacy of the Third World.
  • India’s apex medical regulatory body, Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), and state authorities have opened investigations into cough syrups manufactured by Maiden Pharmaceuticals after being alerted by the WHO.
  • Sixty-six children have allegedly died in the Gambia after consuming the medicines manufactured by the Haryana-based pharma The global health agency said that its laboratory analysis of samples of these syrups revealed the presence of “unacceptable amounts of diethylene glycol and ethylene glycol”.
  • These chemicals are toxic to humans and can result in abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, inability to pass urine, headache, and altered mental state.
  • It can also lead to acute kidney injury that can prove fatal in In 2020, 17 children died in Jammu and Kashmir after consuming syrup with high levels of diethylene glycol.
  • After this tragedy, India phased out cough syrups in favour of suspensions that do not carry the risk of containing the two toxins. However, by all accounts, such dubious quality drugs continue to be manufactured, and they often find their way to Third World countries where regulations are weak.

Regulatory gaps:

  • Preliminary inquiries have revealed that Maiden Pharmaceuticals manufactured the four cough syrups only for export to the Gambia. That should be no reason for relaxing regulatory scrutiny on them in the country of their manufacture.
  • Under the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, of 1940 the primary remit for monitoring the manufacture and sale of drugs is that of state The CDSCO is responsible for laying down standards and providing expert advice to regulators in the states.
  • However, as the 2020 J&K tragedy highlighted, there is very little information sharing between authorities in the states and the Centre. Drugs that fail quality tests in one state continue to be sold in others largely because there is no binding mechanism that stipulates the nationwide recall of such medicines.

Quality failure:

  • According to a CDSCO survey in 2014-2016, about five per cent of Indian drugs, several of them manufactured by large pharma companies, failed the quality test. Independent studies suggest that this figure could be much higher.
  • The country’s pharma industry has largely been in denial over quality-related concerns expressed by national and international After WHO’s alert, the pharma exporter’s body, Pharmexcil, did suspend the membership of Maiden Pharmaceuticals.

Industry bodies need to do more, including setting up mechanisms for cooperation on quality control amongst firms. Adverse reports on Indian medicines, such as those from the Gambia, could dent the country’s well- earned reputation of being the pharmacy of the Third World.


Q5. Recently seen in the news a lot Moonlighting term is related to

  1. Labour Market
  2. Space science
  3. Religious rituals
  4. Semiconductor industry

Answer (a)


Time for the gig economy: Moonlighting

  • Moonlighting is a state where employees work for remuneration with entities other than their employers. It is not defined in any of the statutes in However, there are enactments that deal with double employment.
  • Moonlighting is subject to law of the land. The sphere of employment cannot be extended by the employer beyond working hours and outside his place of employment.
  • The Courts of law in India dealing with employment are Writ Courts and Labour Courts, which exercise jurisdiction based on equity or Therefore, the Courts may lean in favour of the employee unless the contravention of the employee has led to serious prejudice and loss to the employer.


Q6. Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the state/union territory of

  1. Ladakh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Sikkim
  4. Himachal Pradesh

Answer (a)