Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 06-07-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 06-07-2022

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 06-07-2022

Q1. Consider the following statements

  1. The Western Ghats have spread across six states
  2. They influence monsoon weather systems
  3. The Western Ghats are older than the Himalayan range

 

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer (d)

Explanation:

  • Older than the Himalayan range, the Western Ghats are among India’s many ecologically fragile regions that have recently become a battleground for the development vs environment debate.
  • Even though the climate crisis necessitates that the Ghats be preserved, the deadline to finalise the draft notification to earmark ecologically sensitive areas (ESA) of the six Ghats states (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu) has been extended for another year.
  • The deadline, now in its fourth iteration, was June 30, but differences among the states have delayed the process. The states fear the ESA classification will curb activities such as rock quarrying, mining, and the establishment of new industries.

 

Increasing disasters in the Ghats

While the desire for economic progress is understandable, unbridled development in a fragile region will lead to disastrous consequences such as worsening monsoon flooding and landslides.

 

Delay and progressive dilution of norms

  • The wilful destruction of the Ghats has been taking place for years, despite attempts to notify ESA areas. In 2010, an expert panel led by ecologist Madhav Gadgil recommended that 75% of the 129,037 sq km area of the Ghats be declared environmentally sensitive.
  • With many states deeming it restrictive, another panel, under scientist K Kasturirangan, was set up. This panel reduced the area to 50%.
  • Four draft notifications have since been issued. In the latest iteration, issued in 2018, the ESA area is a mere 37%.
  • The 2018 document recommended a ban on mining, quarrying, and sand mining; a phase-out of existing mines within five years from the date of the final notification or the expiry of the existing mining lease, whichever is earlier; a ban on new thermal power projects or expansion of existing plants and on new or expansion of polluting industries.

 

The Ghats, rivers and monsoon:

  • The delay in notifying ESAs and the decision to prioritise development over the environment goes against scientific knowledge.
  • If nothing else, all stakeholders — politicians, bureaucrats, and citizens — must realise that their beauty aside, the Ghats influence the monsoon weather patterns, a key driver of the economy. Any further destruction of the Ghats could aggravate the monsoon crisis.
  • Besides, there is also the question of water and food security: Fifty-eight rivers originate from the Ghats, and an estimated 25 million people depend on them. The Western Ghats must be protected; otherwise, not just the peninsular states, but the country may pay a steep price.

 

Q2. Which of the following are benefits of Nano Urea?

  1. Reduced input cost
  2. Environmental benefits in form of reduced pollution
  3. Increases farmer's income

 

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer (d)

Explanation:

India won’t need imported urea by 2025, says the Centre

  • India’s long-time dependence on imports of urea, a key fertiliser on which the government spends significant foreign exchange, is likely to end by 2024-25, as the country is on course to replace the nutrient sourced from overseas with locally developed nano urea.
  • The government is expected to save ₹40,000 crores annually and with sufficient output of indigenously developed nano urea, a more efficient form of the crop nutrient.
  • Nano urea is a locally developed highly efficient form of crop nutrient which fulfils nitrogen requirements in One 500ml bottle of the nano variant is equivalent to one whole bag of conventional urea.

Reasons for price rise of fertilizers:

  • India, the world’s largest buyer of urea and di-ammonium phosphate, has been hit by a sharp rise in global fertiliser prices due to supply Costlier raw materials, higher freight charges as well as tighter coal and natural gas supplies due to the Ukraine war are likely to keep fertiliser prices elevated this year.

 

Q3. Goria, Moriya, Deshi, Julah and Syed are indigenous Muslim communities from the state of

  1. Nagaland
  2. Sikkim
  3. West Bengal
  4. Assam

 

Answer (d)

Explanation:

  • The Assam cabinet decided to grant indigenous status to five Assamese-speaking Muslim communities from the state — a move that will distinguish them from Bengali-speaking Muslims.
  • They are Goria, Moriya, Deshi, Julah and Syed. People from these five Muslim communities will be categorised as Assamese Muslim sub-groups or indigenous Assamese Muslims.
  • According to the 2011 census, there are over 10.67 million Muslims in Unlike Bengali-speaking Muslims who migrated from East Bengal and Bangladesh, indigenous Assamese Muslims use Assamese as their mother tongue and follow cultural traditions and festivities similar to Assamese Hindus.

 

Q4. Which of the following factors leading to rising court cases in India?

  1. Growth of the Indian economy
  2. Population
  3. Rising awareness about rights

 

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

 

Answer (d)

Explanation:

  • Chief Justice of India NV Ramana said the pendency of cases is a “major issue” in India and the problem is “intensifying” in the absence of adequate infrastructure and a sufficient number of judges with the increasing workload.
  • The CJI said an issue that has been affecting court systems across the world relates to the fact that decisions within the regular courts take a long time.

 

Reasons for pendency:

  • Reasons for this include growth of the Indian economy, population, rising awareness about rights,
  • In the absence of infrastructure and a sufficient number of judges commensurate with the increasing workload, the problem is intensifying.
  • This is why CJI has been strongly advocating for transforming and upgrading the judicial infrastructure in India, as well as filling up of judicial vacancies and augmenting the strength.
  • Justice Ramana said another way of reducing the burden of pendency is to promote and popularise other means of dispute resolution, such as arbitration or mediation.

 

Q5. The Fields Medal is awarded in

  1. Social activism
  2. Refugee humanitarian assistance
  3. Mathematics
  4. Nuclear Science

 

Answer (c)

Explanation:

Woman mathematician from Ukraine wins Fields Medal

Ukrainian mathematician Maryna Viazovska was named as one of four recipients of the prestigious Fields Medal, which is often described as the Nobel Prize in mathematics.

  • The International Mathematical Union said Ms Viazovska, who holds the chair in number theory at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, was being honoured for her work on the densest packing of identical spheres in eight dimensions.
  • Ms Viazovska said Russia’s attack on Ukraine in February had profoundly changed her life and those of all Ukrainians.
  • The Fields Medal is awarded every four years to mathematicians under age The recipients are normally announced at the International Congress of Mathematicians.

 

Q6. Consider the following about Dryland Farming in India

  1. It is largely confined to the regions having an annual rainfall of less than 150 cm.
  2. These regions grow hardy and drought-resistant crops such as Ragi, Bajra, Moong, and Gram.
  3. These regions practise various measures of soil moisture conservation and rainwater harvesting.

Which of the above are correct?

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1 and 3 only

 

Answer (b)

Explanation:

In India, dryland farming is largely confined to the regions having annual rainfall of less than 75 cm. These regions grow hardy and drought-resistant crops such as ragi, Bajra, moong, gram and guar (fodder crops) and practise various measures of soil moisture conservation and rainwater harvesting. In wetland farming, the rainfall is in excess of the soil moisture requirement of plants during the rainy season. Such regions may face flood and soil erosion hazards. These areas grow various water-intensive crops such as rice, jute and sugarcane and practise aquaculture in the freshwater bodies.