Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 31.01.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 31.01.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 31.01.22

Q1. Which of the following articles of the Indian constitution says courts can not enquire into proceedings of the legislature?

a. Article 212
b. Article 105
c. Article 32
d. Article 324

Answer : a

Why is the Question ?

Q2. The World Inequality Report 2022 is released by

a. The United Nations Development Programme
b. Oxfam
c. The World Economic Forum
d. World Inequality Lab

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

For the Finance Minister to note
The Indian government has to prepare for the introduction of the global minimum tax on MNCs

India is among the most unequal:
1. The World Inequality Report 2022 says India is now among the most unequal countries in the world. The bottom 50% of the population earn ₹53,610, while the top 10% earn more than 20 times that.
2. The report was released by the World Inequality Lab, which aims to promote research on global inequality dynamics.
3. The top 10% and top 1% of the population hold 57% and 22% of the national income, respectively, while the bottom 50% hold just 13%.
4. India stands out as a poor and unequal country with an affluent elite. Inequality today is as great as it was at the peak of western imperialism in the early 20th century. The pandemic has exacerbated it.
5. Nations have become richer but governments have become poor, says the report. The totality of wealth is in private hands. Global multimillionaires have captured a disproportionate share of global wealth growth over the past several decades.

Q3. Which of the following activities will be possible on Metaverse?

1. Hang out with friends
2. Work
3. Visit places
4. Buy goods and services
5. Attend events

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

a. 1, 2, 4 and 5
b. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
c. 2 and 5 only
d. 2 and 4 only

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Metaverse and new sources of revenue:
1. Metaverse will pervade daily life offering new avenues for buying goods and services, communicating with friends and collaborating with colleagues.
2. Metaverse refers to a collection of shared online worlds in which physical augmented and virtual reality converge. The CEO of Microsoft, Satya Nadella, points out that people can now hang out with friends, work, visit places, buy goods and services and attend events on Metaverse.
3. Digital access has not been equitable. This provides a challenge to the implementation of the proposed global minimum tax. Augmented reality attempts to provide a new kind of computing platform so as to find a new source of revenue.

Q4. According to recent govt orders, it has mandated storage of data on international calls, satellite phone calls, conference calls and messages over normal networks and on the Internet for a period of

a. Six Months
b. One year
c. Two Years
d. Three Months

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

Telcos told to store call details for two years

1. The government has mandated storage of data on international calls, satellite phone calls, conference calls and messages over normal networks and on the Internet for a period of at least two years, according to circulars issued by the Department of Telecom (DoT).
2. The move follows an amendment made in the unified licence (UL) which extended storage of call data records as well as Internet logs to two years from one year.

3. UL holders are telecom companies such as Bharti Airtel, Reliance Jio, Vodafone Idea and BSNL for providing all kinds of telecom services, except satellite phone services.
4. The licensee shall maintain all commercial records, call data records, exchange detail records, IP detail records with regard to the communications exchanged on the network.

Q5. Consider the follwoing statements about bomb Cyclones

1. Generally they are formed in Mid latitudes
2. There formed around a very high pressure
3. Bomb cyclones are normal in India

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

‘Bomb cyclone’ hits the eastern U.S., triggers transport chaos, outages

1. Blinding snow whipped up by powerful winds pummelling the eastern United States, as one of the strongest winter storms in years triggered transport chaos and power outages across a region of some 70 million people.
2. Major cities like New York and Boston bore the brunt of the blizzard, which the National Weather Service (NWS) confirmed intensified into a “bomb cyclone” — characterized by the explosive power of rapid drops in atmospheric pressure.
Why is it called a bomb cyclone?
1. Meteorologists have likened the sudden drop in pressure to a bomb going off, using words such as “explosive cyclogenesis” and “bombogenesis” to describe the storm's formation process.
2. Though it might not sound like it, “bomb cyclone” is a legitimate scientific term.
How exactly does a bomb cyclone differ from a hurricane?
1. Hurricanes tend to form in tropical areas and are powered by warm seas. For this reason, they’re most common in summer or early fall, when seawater is warmest.

2. In contrast, bomb cyclones don’t need balmy ocean waters in order to form. While they sometimes arise over the ocean, they can also appear over land — as was the case with the cyclone that hit the northern Plains in March 2019.
3. Unlike hurricanes, bomb cyclones arise in mid-latitudes, where fronts of warm and cold air might collide. They rarely strike in summer, when the weather is generally warm across the Northern Hemisphere. Rather, they form between late fall and early spring, when warm tropical air bumps up against frigid Arctic air.
4. They have to occur at a time of year when there is some possibility of both warm and cool air at the same time. It's the difference in temperature that fuels the drop in pressure.
Are bomb cyclones dangerous?
It depends. Sometimes, bomb cyclones behave like conventional winter storms. But sometimes they produce heavy flooding, blizzard conditions and wind speeds comparable to a Category 1 hurricane.