Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.01.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.01.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 26.01.22

Q1. Galathea Bay National Park is situated in the 

  1. Assam
  2. West Bengal
  3. TamilNadu
  4. Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Answer : d

Why is the Question ?

NITI Aayog has conceptualised the Holistic Development of Great Nicobar Island in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands project. It added the development of Great Nicobar Island, which is one of India's most ecologically fragile and biologically diverse regions. requires a sensitive, holistic approach.

Q2. Consider the following statements

  1. The Chakma/Hajong are refugees from Bangladesh
  2. Some of them have settled in Arunachal Pradesh

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

Why is the Question ?

For a civic solidarity

The Chakma/Hajong people deserve citizenship and not racial profiling

Highlights: 

  1. The NHRC has done the right thing in directing the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Arunachal Pradesh government to submit an action taken report against the racial profiling and relocation of the Chakma and Hajong communities in the northeastern State. 
  2. They had fled their homes in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in erstwhile East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) after losing land to the construction of the Kaptai Dam on the Karnaphuli River in the early 1960s. They had sought asylum in India and were settled in relief camps in Arunachal Pradesh. 
  3. Since then they have been well integrated in villages in the southern and south-eastern parts of the State. In 2015, the Supreme Court directed the State to grant them citizenship, but this had not yet been implemented. 
  4. In a judgement in 1996, the Court had stated that the “life and personal liberty of every Chakma residing within the State shall be protected”. 
  5. In light of these orders and given that most of the Chakma/Hajong community members were born in the State and have been living peacefully, the Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister’s announcement, in August 2021, that they would be relocated outside the State and that steps would be taken for a “census” of the communities was clearly unwarranted. 
  6. The so-called State-driven census would have amounted to racial profiling of the two communities that have also been the subject of an antagonist and nativist campaign by organisations such as the All Arunachal Pradesh Students’ Union. 

 Integration of refugees:

  1. It is difficult, but not impossible, for any State government in the northeast to balance the interests of native tribal communities and those of legitimately settled refugees and their progeny. 
  2. Special rights guaranteed in the Indian Constitution in these States in order to protect the tribal people, their habitat and their livelihoods, have more than occasionally been misinterpreted as favouring tribal nativism with overblown demographic fears fanning hatred for communities such as the Chakma/Hajong in Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram. 
  3. Unfortunately, political forces have also limited themselves to using ethnic fissures for power and sustenance. Uprooting communities that fled their homelands under duress and have since been well settled in their adopted areas, contributing to the diversity of culture and the economy, would be a violation of their rights and repeating a historic wrong. 
  4. A dialogue between the State government, civil society and those of the Chakma/Hajong communities would go a long way in addressing concerns in implementing the Court judgement of 2015, rather than the course currently adopted by Itanagar. Implementing the NHRC directive should be a step in the process to reverse that course.

Q3. Ever since the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas announced India’s target to achieve “15% natural gas in the primary energy mix by 2030”, the fuel has become a big-bet for the Indian economy. Consider the following statements about the usage of Gas in India

  1. The highest consumption of natural gas happens in the fertilisers industry
  2. Around 50 % gas of total consumption is imported 
  3. The City Gas Distribution (CGD) accounts for the lowest consumption of natural gas

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3 

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

Only statement 2 is correct:

Efforts towards making India a Gas-based Economy

Ever since the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas announced India’s target to achieve “15% natural gas in the primary energy mix by 2030” (PIB 2017), the fuel has become a big-bet for the Indian economy. These numbers changed national expectations from the gas sector and hinted at multiple reforms in the road to achieving a more sustainable energy future. Infrastructure developments, low gas prices, and market reforms offer great potential for natural gas uptake across sectors. Also, reduced barriers herald new opportunities for natural gas.

The long-standing barriers of inadequate infrastructure and high gas prices are fading away with increasingly determined efforts by actors across the value chain to move to a natural gas economy. Multi-billion investments towards ‘One Nation One Gas Grid’ indicate India’s commitment to building a gas-based economy.

The government is also pushing for multiple market reforms to facilitate transparency in pricing and to provide a levelled field for competitive adoption across natural gas consumer sectors. The recently launched India Gas Exchange and the proposed unified pipeline tariff system are intended to make the gas market open for constructive competitiveness. Additionally, India’s effort to diversify import sources of natural gas while strengthening existing bilateral energy partnerships is a strategic move to reduce the geopolitical vulnerability associated with gas to strengthen our energy security.

Natural Gas

Natural gas is a fossil fuel source consisting primarily of methane. It is the cleanest fossil fuel among the available fossil fuels. It is used as a feedstock in the manufacture of fertilisers, plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals as well as used as a fuel for electricity generation, heating purpose in industrial and commercial units. Natural gas is also used for cooking in domestic households and a transportation fuel for vehicles.

 Urja Ganga Project

Q4. Which of the following is/are correctly matched?

National Waterways Associated River system
1 National Waterway 1 Ganga
2 National Waterway 2

Godavari and Krishna

3 National Waterway 4

Brahmaputra

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 1 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2, and 3

Answer : b

Why is the Question ?

The Government is working to develop inland waterways as an alternative mode of transport in the country, which is cleaner and cheaper than both road and rail transport. There are 111 National Waterways in the country today after 106 waterways were declared as National Waterways, adding to the list of 5 existing NW, in 2016.