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Previous Year Question & Answers | UPSC Mains 2020

Q. COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented devastation worldwide. However, technological advancements are being availed readily to win over the crisis. Give an account of how technology was sought to aid the management of the pandemic. (Answer in 250 words)

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a dramatic loss of human life worldwide and presents an unprecedented challenge to public health, food systems and the world of work. The economic and social disruption caused by the pandemic is devastating: tens of millions of people are at risk of falling into extreme poverty, while the number of undernourished people, currently estimated at nearly 690 million, could increase by up to 132 million by the end of the year.

COVID and Technology:

  1. Tools: contact less thermometers, diagnostics like RT- PCR and sro surveys all depend and facilitated by technology
  2. Use of Artificial intelligence to predict SARS-COV-2 virus protein example google deep mind did this
  3. Technologies involved in oxygen production also played crucial role.
  4. mRNA vaccine platform to faster development of vaccine
  5. Whole genome   sequencing  played   important   role   in identifying mutants and surveillance
  6. Faster Communication through television, social media of COVID appropriate behaviour
  7. Few sectors like e-commerce models were utilized to deliver essential services during pandemic led lockdowns
  8. Apps like CoWin, Arogya Setu played crucial role
  9. IT played  big   role   in   work   from   home,   governance continued over online meeting

Aid The Management Of The Pandemic:

  1. Surveillance and monitoring Arogya Setu app, sero surveys, RT-PCR
  2. Online meetings and monitoring by functionaries like PM, CM
  3. Use of telemedicine to reach rural and other care deficient areas
  4. Use of communication channels to enforce lockdowns, monitoring these online
  5. Later on Vaccination registration through Apps and slot management
  6. Use of JAM based DBT to directly transfer aid to poor people
  7. Fighting misinformation and superstitions through online monitoring and awareness generation


Technology cannot prevent the onset of the pandemics; however, it can help prevent the spread, educate, warn, and empower those on the ground to be aware of the situation, and noticeably lessen the impact.

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