Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 28-11-2022
Daily Current Affairs (MCQ's) | 28-11-2022
Q1. Which of the following states have fertility rate below replacement level?
Select the correct answer using the code given below
- 1 and 2 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 3 only
- 1, 2 and 3
It’s time to discuss depopulation
- Two weeks ago when the world population touched eight billion, several headlines focused on how India was the largest contributor to the last billion and is set to surpass China as the world’s most populous nation by 2023.
- China’s population has begun to decline, while India’s population is expected to grow for another 40 years, they said. But missing in this conversation is the real threat of depopulation that parts of India too face, and the country’s complete lack of preparedness to deal with it.
- By current United Nations estimates, India’s population will begin to decline only in 2063, by which time it will be just shy of 1.7 billion. The world’s population is expected to grow until 2086.
Q2. What is blue bugging?
- It is a form of hacking
- Pest attack in cotton
- Maritime cyber piracy
- Space exploration for earth like planets
What is blue bugging, and how is it used to hack Bluetooth-enabled devices?
- Cybersecurity experts note that apps that let users connect smartphones or laptops to wireless earplugs can record conversations, and are vulnerable to hacks. Even the most secure smartphones like iPhones are vulnerable to such attacks.
- Any app with access to Bluetooth can record users’ conversations with Siri and audio from the iOS keyboard dictation feature when using AirPods or Beats headsets, some app developers say.
- Through a process called bluebugging, a hacker can gain unauthorised access to these apps and devices and control them as per their wish.
- It is a form of hacking that lets attackers access a device through its discoverable Bluetooth Once a device or phone is bluebugged, a hacker can listen to the calls, read and send messages and steal and modify contacts.
- It started out as a threat to laptops with Bluetooth capability. Later hackers used the technique to target mobile phones and other devices.
- Bluebugging attacks work by exploiting Bluetooth-enabled devices. The device’s Bluetooth must be in discoverable mode, which is the default setting on most devices. The hacker then tries to pair with the device via Bluetooth.
- Once a connection is established, hackers can use brute force attacks to bypass They can install the malware in the compromised device to gain unauthorised access to it.
- Bluebugging can happen whenever a Bluetooth-enabled device is within a 10-metre radius of the hacker. However, according to a blog by VPN service provider NordVPN, hackers can use booster antennas to widen the attack range.
Q3. The Campbell Bay National Park is situated in the state/Union territory of
- West Bengal
- Andaman and Nicobar islands
Trees to be planted in Haryana’s Aravallis to make up for forest loss in Nicobar due to infra projects
- The loss of forests in Great Nicobar Island on the Bay of Bengal will be compensated by afforestation in Haryana’s Aravallis, officials of the environment ministry have said. The Aravallis is over 2,400 km away in a different ecological zone from Great Nicobar, but rules allow for such remote compensatory afforestation.
- Major infrastructure projects have been planned in the ecologically fragile Great Nicobar. The Centre granted environmental clearance to an International Container Transhipment Terminal (ICTT), a 450 MVA gas and solar power plant, an airport and associated townships over 1 sq km in Great Nicobar Island.
Q4. Famous all women Ima market is situated in the state of
What is Imphal’s Ima market, which minister Jaishankar called ‘a great example of Nari Shakti’
- Ima Keithel, or Mothers’ Market, is an all-women market, said to be the largest such shopping complex in .Asia.
- According to the website of the Imphal West district, “A unique all women’s market, having 3,000 “Imas” or mothers who run the stalls, it is split [into] two sections on either side of the road. Vegetables, fruits, fish and household groceries are sold on one side and exquisite handlooms and household tools on the other. Not far away is a street where beautiful wicker works and basketry are sold. ”
- Male vendors and shopkeepers are barred here. In 2018, the state government announced that legal action would be taken under the Manipur Municipalities Act, 2004 if any male vendor was found selling goods at the market.
Q5. What is Splinternet recently seen in the news?
- It is fragmentation of internet in deep web and dark web allowing suspicious activities
- Use of cyber attacks to cripple critical information infrastructure
- Use of social media by terrorist organization
- The splinternet is a fragmented version of the world wide web with national identities
- The internet is changing. The outcome of the recent spat between the Center and Twitter is one among many instances which may alter the future of the world wide web. The open web, now a mere shadow of its former self, is often dubbed as the splinternet.
- A fusion of the words “split" and “internet", the splinternet is a fragmented version of the world wide web with national identities. The reasons for this ‘split’ include global politics, national security, religion and more.
- In its original form, the internet transcended borders and allowed people unfettered access to virtually everything, while the splinternet limits citizens’ access to data, forces businesses to keep data within borders, and even changes how they operate within a state.
- Splinternet is often defined as the balkanization of the net, as nations try to preserve their sovereign identities and economic interests.