Assam Government Schemes for Competitive Exams | Enumerate the “ Janani Suraksha “ Scheme of Govt. of Assam .
Ans : “ Janani Suraksha Scheme “ :- Janani Suraksha Yojana(JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Health Mission(NHM) being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neo-natal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women. JSY integrates cash assistance with delivery and post-delivery care. The success of the scheme would be determined by the increase in institutional delivery among the poor families.
The scheme provides cash assistance to mothers who have delivered in Government Health Institutions and accredited Pvt. Hospitals.
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) was launched in April 2005 across the country by modifying the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS). The NMBS came into effect in August 1995 as one of the components of the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP). The scheme was transferred from the Ministry of Rural Development to the Department of Health & Family Welfare during the year 2001-02. The scheme is under implementation in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS).
Following are the provisions under the scheme :-
1. All mothers from Rural Area irrespective of age, birth order, or income group (BPL & APL) will get a cash assistance of Rs.1400/- if delivered at Public Health Facility or Accredited Private Hospital ,
2. All mothers from Urban Area irrespective of age, birth order, or income group (BPL & APL) will get a cash assistance of Rs 1000/- if delivered at Public Health Facility or Accredited Private Hospital , and
3. Rs. 500/- is provided for Home Delivery only for BPL category.
Conclusion :- About 56,000 women in India die every year due to pregnancy related complications. Similarly, every year more than 13 lakh infants die within 1year of the birth and out of these approximately 2/3rd of the infant deaths take place within the first four weeks of life. Out of these, approximately 75% of the deaths take place within a week of the birth and a majority of these occur in the first two days after birth.
In order to reduce the maternal and infant mortality , Janani Suraksha Yojana(JSY) under the National Health Mission (NHM) is being implemented to promote institutional deliveries so that skilled attendance at birth is available and women and new born can be saved from pregnancy related deaths.