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APSC/UPSC Previous Year Question & Answers 2020

Q1. How have digital initiatives in India contributed to the functioning of the education system in the country? Elaborate on your answer. (Answer in 250 words) Marks-15

To universalize digital education across the wide spectrum of schools from prenursery to higher secondary classes, many projects to assist teachers, scholars and students in their pursuit of learning have been initiated such as the DIKSHA platform (quality e-content for school education), Swayam Prabha TV Channel (one class, one channel), Online MOOC courses

Digital Initiatives:

1. Improved administration: biometric-based attendance, increased teacher attendance and thereby students presence, scholarship distribution became swift efficient supporting poor students

2. Digital initiatives Teacher training

3. Access to quality education creating equity: Massive open Online courses, top institutions like IIT, IIM offering certificate courses to all interested students from any background

4. AI-Based education tool example Banka Model Bihar turned fortunes of rural poor, based on this union government launched operation Digital board

5. Linkages between universities, labs facilitated research: National Knowledge Network (NKN) is a multi-gigabit national research and education network, whose purpose is to provide a unified high-speed network backbone for educational institutions in India.

6. Peoples movement, digital initiatives help in creating awareness bringing more to school programs like Beti Bachao Beti Padao get visibility through digital campaigns.

7. Moreover, PM eVIDYA, a comprehensive initiative, unifies all efforts related to digital/online/on-air education to facilitate multimode access to education.

Thus we can say digitalization education is to democratize it.


1. The digital divide between rural and urban, rich and poor sections of society prevents digital education from becoming a leveller.

2. Teachers who have positive interaction with their students create classroom environments more helpful to learning and meet students’ developmental, emotional and educational needs. Teacher-student interaction is important for many reasons.

3. For these reasons, digital education can complement school-based learning but not supplant it.

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