Model Question and Answers for APSC | A growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss.
A growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state. Discuss.
Ans: Regionalism prioritizes the local over the state or national level in importance and politics. It promotes the manifestation of cultural singularities and prioritizes the interest of the region over the interest of the nation as a whole.
In other words, the regionalist politics of a region are centred on that specific territory; they aim to direct the national agenda towards the local interests and look for greater autonomy for that region. For instance Maratha regionalism.
A growing feeling of regionalism is an important factor in the generation of demand for a separate state:
- A growing feeling of regional language-based culture was key in the demand of linguistic states in India after independence
- Chattishgarh and Jharkhand were based on separate regional tribal identities within Madhya Pradesh and Bihar
- Currently, we see a similar regionalism developing in Gorkhaland which is culturally different from the Majority of West Bengal
Factors that drive the development of regionalism:
- Communalism in case of Khalistan
- Linguistic regionalism of Andhra Pradesh in the 1960s
- Imbalanced regional growth for instance in the case of Uttrakhand or Jharkhand and Telangana
- Cultural factors like in the case of Gorkhaland
- Rise of Political Parties with a regionalist agenda Telugu Desam Party led the demand for Andhra Pradesh
Proper and timely management of regional aspirations and giving certain autonomy overall strengthen federalism as happened after the linguistic reorganisation of states in India.