Model Question and Answers for APSC | ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation. Argue by giving suitable illustrations.

‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation. Argue by giving suitable illustrations.

Model Question and Answers for APSC | ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation. Argue by giving suitable illustrations.

Ans: According to prominent historian Bipin Chandra, Communalism is based on the assumption that Indian society is divided into religious communities whose interests not only differ but are even opposed to each other. Communalism starts with the belief that in India people can be organised and grouped together for secular, that is, economic and political as also social and cultural purposes, only around their religious identities.

 

Power struggle:

  1. Muslim League made up of Muslim elites struggled for power- sharing with congress ending in the partition of India
  2. The Khalistan separatist movement
  3. Communalism in Kashmir in the late 1980s
  4. Rise of Taliban in Afghanistan

 

Relative deprivation:

  1. Foreigners and illegal migrants issue in Assam is born out of the fight for limited resources of the region
  2. Vice President Ansari had pointed out the relative deprivation among Muslims to be the biggest cause of communal tension.
  3. Deprivation makes it easier to influence a group. Rather than self-introspect, they blame others for their Communal ‘other’ becomes scapegoats as misused in competitive electoral politics