Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 20.06.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 20.06.22

Daily Current Affairs (MCQ) | Date 20.06.22

Q1. The Khumbu glacier recently seen in the news is located in

 

  1. Nepal
  2. India
  3. Antarctica
  4. Arctic

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Q2. Consider the following statements

  1. In 1952, when the Indian Republic held its first Parliamentary session women representation was 5.5%
  2. Canada legalised universal suffrage for women after India

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (c)

Explanation:

A ‘man’s Parliament’ striving for an inclusive India

  • In 1952, when the Indian Republic held its first Parliamentary session, 39 strong, intelligent, and passionate women leaders sat in the hallowed halls of power, challenging a centuries-old tide of men’s dominance over the polity.
  • At a time when women formed only 7% of the total members of the United States Congress and 1.1% of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, India was leading the way in the fight toward more inclusive world democracies with 5.5% women representation.
  • The struggle for India’s Independence can never be detached from the contributions of thousands of our women across profession, class, caste, and religion.
  • A testament to their invaluable contribution has to be their louder voice in our parliamentary democracy; what happened in 1952 was a highly progressive step, but 70 years hence, it seems we have strayed from that path.
  • Despite a woman Prime Minister, a President, and a relatively higher percentage of women parliamentarians when compared to some of the other mature democracies in the past, our struggle with inclusivity has not eased.

 

In other countries

  • Internationally, even mature democracies that legalised universal suffrage after India, such as Canada (1960 for Aboriginal women), Australia (1962 for Indigenous women), and the United States (1965 for women of African-American descent), have now taken concrete measures towards gender- inclusive legislation and communication.
  • Canada’s Department of Justice has guidelines for using gender-neutral language in all forms of legislation and legal documentation; the Australian government has incorporated gender-neutrality in its drafting Style Manual; the K.’s House of Commons declared in 2007 that all laws would be drafted gender-neutrally.

 

In the 21st century, when people of all genders are leading the world with compassion, strength and ambitions, the Indian Parliament needs to reflect on its standing. Recognition and correction of past errors through amendments to rulebooks, laws and the Constitution are just starting points and must lead to sensitivity, equal treatment, and appreciation for the people of India, regardless of gender.

 

Q3. What is the Copenhagen Criteria recently seen in news?

  1. European union membership criteria
  2. WTO food subsidy regime
  3. Customs duty relaxation plan for e-Commerce
  4. Global inspection regime for nuclear weapons

Answer (a)

Explanation:

The European Commission, the executive arm of the European Union, recommended that Ukraine be formally granted candidate status in the EU, the first step in the long journey to become a member state of the bloc.

 

The requirement for joining the EU: the Copenhagen Criteria

  • Article 49 of the EU treaties states that any European nations that seek to join the bloc, must be committed to respecting and promoting the EU’s fundamental values set out in Article  2.
  • The European Council meeting in Copenhagen in 1993 set out more specific criteria. Called the Copenhagen Criteria, these include essential conditions that all candidate countries must satisfy.
  • Among them are a functioning market economy, a stable democracy and rule of law, and the acceptance of all EU legislation, including that of the Euro.

 

Q4. Which of the following countries are members of the European Union?

  1. Finland
  2. Switzerland
  3. Norway

Select the correct answer from the codes given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer (a)

Explanation

The process of joining the EU:

  • The procedure to gain membership in the EU consists of three In the first stage, the country is given the status of an official candidate.
  • In the second stage, formal membership negotiations with the candidate begin, which involves the adoption of EU law into national law, and the implementation of judicial, administrative, economic and other reforms, called the accession criteria.
  • Once the negotiations are completed and the candidate has met all the accession criteria, they can join the EU.
  • Becoming a member of the bloc involves a long and complex Even after candidate status is granted, the rest of the process takes years to complete. The negotiation in particular goes on for a long, and its duration can vary from country to country.
  • The EU’s most recent member Croatia joined the EU in 2013, and it took 10 years to complete the process.

  

Q5.   Consider    the   following    statements   about   the  European Economic Area (EEA)

  1. It includes European Union (EU) countries only
  2. Norway is part of EEA

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (b)

Explanation:

The European Economic Area (EEA)

  • The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market.
  • Switzerland is not an EU or EEA member but is part of the single This means Swiss nationals have the same rights to live and work in the UK as other EEA nationals.

 

Q6. The European Union was formally established by

  1. Maastricht Treaty
  2. Treaty of Tempe
  3. Treaty of Dardanos
  4. Marrakesh Treaty

Answer (a)

Explanation:

Maastricht Treaty 1991

  • Maastricht Treaty, formally the Treaty on the European Union, international agreement approved by the heads of government of the states of the European Community (EC) in Maastricht, Netherlands, in December 1991.
  • Ratified by all EC member states, the treaty was signed on February 7, 1992, and entered into force on November 1, The treaty established a European Union (EU), with EU citizenship granted to every person who was a citizen of a member state.
  • EU citizenship enabled people to vote and run for office in local and European Parliament elections in the EU country in which they lived, regardless of their nationality
  • The treaty also provided for the introduction of a central banking system and a common currency (the euro), committed members to implement common foreign and security policies, and called for greater cooperation on various other issues, including the environment, policing, and social policy.

 

What is the Schengen Area?

  • If you've travelled in Europe anytime in the last 20 years, you probably know that many of Europe's countries have open borders, without any kind of customs or ID check required to cross from one country to This is because of the Schengen Agreement, a 1985 treaty that has since been expanded and made into a law of the European Union (EU).
  • The combined area of all the participating countries is known as the "Schengen Area", and is now a core part of the EU system.
  • For the purposes of most travellers, the Schengen Area might as well be just one country: not only have border checks been mostly eliminated (until recently), but a visa to any Schengen country is also good for travel to all of them.

Q7. Consider the following statements

  1. India has currently 8 national political parties
  2. There is no national party from the northeast India

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

    1. 1 only
    2. 2 only
    3. Both 1 and 2
    4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer (a)

Explanation:

54% of the income of eight parties went to BJP, says ADR report

  • The BJP continued to out-earn and out-spend all other national parties in 2020-2021, with 54% of the income of the eight national political parties going to the BJP, a report by the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) said on Friday.
  • The ADR analysed the annual audited reports submitted to the Election Commission by the BJP, the Congress, the Communist Party of India, the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the Trinamool Congress, the Bahujan Samaj Party, the Nationalist Congress Party and the National Peoples’ Party (NPP).

 

The NPP got the status of national party in 2019, after it was recognised as a state party in four states — Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland and Meghalaya. It is the eighth party to get the recognition — after INC, BJP, BSP, NCP, CPI, CPI(M) and Trinamool Congress. It is also the first party from Northeast India to be recognised as a national party.